1630s-1750s Puritans known as the Separatists split from the Church of England over disagreements and came to New England for religious freedom Allegiance to God/the group, not the king Strived to be pure in action, thought and deed and wanted to simplify Church ceremonies Self-reliance- rely on yourself even if it seems impossible Industriousness- work instead of pleasure “Puritan work ethic” Temperance- moderation Simplicity- simplify everything Education- many Puritans believed in public education Religion- Bible interpreted literally; everything that happens is God’s will; religion dominates other institutions (education/politics/society) “theocracy” Bible= a model Diaries, histories, and sermons Plain/simple Mostly religious Clarity Intelligent “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”= 1741 sermon Extremist pastor– called members of congregation out by name for sin Leader of the First Great Awakening Religious revival Emphasized “terrors of the law” & unmerited grace Diction- word choice affects the tone ▪ Ex: formal, informal, colloquial, full of slang, poetic, plain, abstract, concrete, etc. A. Write down five strong word choices and the effects they have on the reader Imagery- the use of language to evoke a picture of a person, thing, place, or experience ▪ Appeals to the senses B. List three major images in the sermon and their effects Metaphor- figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without like, as, etc. C. List two main metaphors from the sermon and explain how they are used “Here Follow Some Verses Upon the Burning of our House” 1666 America’s first poet- came to America at 18 Husband was governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony This poem is actually a diary entry Puritan characteristics: Diary form, biblical metaphors, selfexamination Inversion- a reversal of the normal English word order in a sentence or phrase, usually for poetic effect (i.e. rhyme) Examples: (l. 2) For sorrow near I did not look ▪ I did not look near for sorrow OR I did not look for sorrow near (ll. 5-6) That fearful sound of “Fire!” “Fire!”/ Let no man know is my desire. ▪ My desire is let no man know the fearful sound of “Fire!” and “Fire!” (l. 27) My pleasant things in ashes lie (l. 28) And them behold no more shall I (ll. 21-24) When by the ruins oft I past/ My sorrowing eyes aside did cast/ and here and there the places spy/ Where oft I sat and long did lie 1. 2. 3. 4. What points does the speaker make to herself in her internal dialogue? List three examples of inversion and then write them in their “noninverted” forms. Is there a turning point to the poem? If so, where is it and what changes? What is the theme of the poem?