Chapter 6 Quiz

Chapter 6 Quiz
Don’t forget to write your answers on a
separate piece of paper to grade when you’re
1. Once Pavlov’s dogs learned to salivate to the
sound of a tuning fork, the tuning fork was
a) unconditioned stimulus
b) neutral stimulus
c) conditioned stimulus
d) unconditioned response
2. Shaping is
a) a pattern of responses that must be made
before classical conditioning is completed
b) rewarding behaviors that get closer and closer
to the desired goal behavior
c) completing a set of behaviors in a succession
before a reward is given
d) giving you chocolate pudding to increase the
likelihood you will eat more carrots
3. John loves to fish. He puts his line in the
water and leaves it there until he feels a tug.
On what reinforcement schedule is he
a) fixed ratio
b) fixed interval
c) variable ratio
d) variable interval
4. Chimpanzees given tokens for performing
tricks were able to put the tokens in vending
machines to get grapes. The tokens acted as
a) primary reinforcers
b) classical conditioning
c) secondary reinforcers
d) unconditioned reinforcers
5. Try as you might, you are unable to teach
your dog to do a somersault. He will roll
around on the ground, but he refuses to
execute the gymnastic move you desire
because of
a) preparedness
b) instinctive drift
c) chaining
d) shaping
6. Watson and Rayner’s classical conditioning of “Little
Albert” was helpful in explaining that
a) some conditioned stimuli do not generalize
b) human emotions such as fear are subject to
classical conditioning
c) drug dependency is subject to classical as well
as operant conditioning
d) small children are not as easily conditioned as
older children
7. Jamel got very sick after eating some mushrooms on
a pizza at his friend’s house. He didn’t know that he
had a stomach virus at the time, blamed his illness on
the mushrooms, and refused to eat them again.
Which of the following is the unconditioned stimulus
for his taste aversion to mushrooms?
a) pizza
b) stomach virus
c) mushrooms
d) headache
8. If a previous experience has given your pet the
expectancy that nothing it does will prevent an
aversive stimulus from occurring, it will likely
a) be motivated to seek comfort from you
b) experience learned helplessness
c) model the behavior of other pets in hopes of
avoiding it
d) seek out challenges like this in the future to
disprove the expectation
9. While readying to take a free-throw shot, you
suddenly arrive at the answer to a chemistry
problem you’d been working on several hours
before. This is an example of:
a) insight
b) backward conditioning
c) latent learning
d) discrimination
10. Which of the following is an example of
positive reinforcement?
a) Buying a child a video game after she
throws a tantrum.
b) Going inside to escape a thunderstorm.
c) Assigning a student detention for fighting.
d) Getting a cavity filled at the dentist to halt a
11. The first step in a behavior modification
program is to
a) gather baseline data
b) specify the antecedent
c) specify the target behavior
d) design a program
12. In classical conditioning, the stimulus that is
originally neutral in regard to the response to
be learned is the
a) unconditioned stimulus
b) unconditioned response
c) conditioned stimulus
d) conditioned response
13. Typically, most people would
a) enjoy being negatively reinforced or
b) dislike being negatively reinforced or
c) enjoy being negatively reinforced and
dislike being punished
d) enjoy being punished and dislike being
negatively reinforced
14. Classical conditioning could account for
how a child learns to
a) sing a song
b) tie shoe laces
c) print letters
d) fear the dark
15. The initial stage of learning a response is
a) extinction
b) contiguity
c) acquisition
d) conditioning
Chapter 6 Answer Key
1. C
2. B
3. D
4. C
5. B
6. B
7. B
8. B
9. A
10. A
Essay Question Possibilities!!
One of the following essay questions will
appear on your test, be familiar with all of
Essay Question # 1
Explain how a specific phobia could be
acquired through classical conditioning, being
sure to identify the unconditioned stimulus,
unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus,
and conditioned response in your example.
Also, using classical conditioning, indicate
how the phobia could be eliminated.
Essay Question # 2
Provide specific, everyday examples (for
instance, from child-rearing) of the following
operant-conditioning phenomena: positive
reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and
Essay Question # 3
Compare the acquisition procedures in
classical and operant conditioning. What is the
essential differences between the two types of
Essay Question # 4
Briefly describe observational learning, and
explain how it relates to classical and operant
Essay Question # 5
Design a self-modification program to improve
your study habits.
Good Luck!
Make sure to double check all of your answers
and study them for the upcoming exam.
Remember, AT LEAST FIVE of the questions
from this quiz will make some sort of
appearance on the chapter test along with one
of the essay questions.
Take advantage of this study guide and good
luck on your test!