Who are you?
According to webster dictionary
personality can be defined as follows:
1. “the quality or state of being a person .”
2. “The complex of characteristics that
distinguishes an individual or a nation or
group; especially : the totality of an
individual's behavioral and emotional
Personality Types
TYPE A: Outgoing Type
You are an outgoing and cheerful person. Although you still get
frustrated sometimes, you can get through the hard times
easily and be joyful again. Your friendly personality is your
good point in the eyes of the opposite sex, but this makes your
spouse feel insecure. Your lack of emotion is your
disadvantage, but your candor has made you popular. Friends
of your gender find it hard to understand you because of your
innocent thinking. But this is your advantage as to attract the
opposite sex who has this same personality as you.
TYPE B: Artistic Type
You love for caring others and it is the reason why you are a
big sister/brother in people's eyes. People will find it interesting
and comfortable talking to you and this enables you to gain
trust from them. This usually gives a good impression to those
of the opposite sex who are sentimental and younger than you.
Personality Types
TYPE C: Lovable Type
You are a typical little sister/brother in the eyes of the opposite sex.
You are dependent and have less own opinions. Among the 4 types,
you are the type that favors marriage most. You have a vigorous
sense of occupying your spouse. You can take every opportunity to
attract other's attention as well. The first impression you give to the
opposite sex is your sympathetic look and character. This may account
for the reason why others are eager to offer you protection and
security. It is suggested that you wear clean and tidy clothes to get
further more popularity.
TYPE D: Charming Type
Among the 4 types, you're the type that possesses the most charming
beauty. The sexy charm that you possess does attract other's
attention and gain you much popularity though most of them just pay
notice and show favor on your outward beauty. You are advised not to
believe too much on other's sweet and honeyed words and phrases. It
is suggested that you show more of your talent and intelligence, so
that people will have a good impression of you not only because of
your outward appearance.
How we prefer to interact with the world
and how we prefer to get our energy and
Introvert Vs. Extrovert Personality
Introverts rarely speak up at large
meetings, preferring listening to talking.
Introverts need alone time, especially
after spending a few hours with people.
 Introverts are often undervalued because
they keep their best to themselves.
 Introverts are outnumbered by extraverts
by about three to one in America.
Introvert Personality
Extraverts are energized by other people and
action. They are talkers, often thinking out
loud, interrupting people at meetings, or
bursting into a co-worker's office to ask an
opinion, and then not really listening to it.
Extraverts become drained when they have
to spend too much time alone; they need
other people to function.
Extraverts are often rewarded in school, by
participating in class discussions, and at
work, because they are popular and outgoing
Extravert Personality
Introverts Vs. Extroverts
Openness-Appreciation for art, emotion, adventure,
unusual ideas, curiosity, and variety of experience.
Conscientiousness-A tendency to show self-discipline,
act dutifully, and aim for achievement; planned rather
than spontaneous behavior.
Extraversion-Energy, positive emotions, surgency, and
the tendency to seek stimulation in the company of
Agreeableness-A tendency to be compassionate and
cooperative rather than suspicious and antagonistic
towards others.
Neuroticism-A tendency to experience unpleasant
emotions easily, such as anger, anxiety, depression, or
Big Five Personality Traits
Big Five Personality Traits
Environmental Influences
◦ nutrition, toxic substances, home environment,
early intervention, and formal schooling
◦ Malnutrition
◦ Attention, memory, abstract reasoning, and general
school achievement are all likely to suffer from
inadequate nutrition.
◦ Food supplements and vitamins enhance children’s
development of motor skills, and in some instances
cognitive development is enhanced.
Factors that Influence Heredity
Toxic Substances
◦ alcohol, drugs, radiation, lead-based paint dust—
affect neurological development.
Home Environment
◦ Correlational studies indicate that stimulating home
environments—those in which parents interact
frequently with their children, make numerous
learning and reading materials available, encourage
the development of new skills, use complex
sentence structures in conversation, and so on—are
associated with higher IQ scores in children.
Factors that Influence Heredity
Early Intervention
◦ high-quality child care and preschool programs
(e.g., Head Start) frequently lead to short-term
IQ gains and other cognitive and academic
benefits .
◦ Bombarding infants and small children with
constant or intense stimulation is not effective
Factors that Influence Heredity
Formal Schooling
◦ Children who begin their educational careers
early and attend school regularly have higher
IQ scores than children who do not.
◦ Children who drop out have lower IQ scores
than children who remain in school, losing an
average of almost 2 IQ points for every year of
high school not completed.
Factors that Influence Heredity