Unit One Chapters 1-6 Honors World History Beemon Standard • SSWH1 The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BCE to 500 BCE. • Describe the development of Mesopotamian societies; include the religious, cultural, economic, and political facets of society, with attention to Hammurabi’s law code. • Describe the relationship of religion and political authority in Ancient Egypt. • Explain the development of monotheism; include the concepts developed by the ancient Hebrews, and Zoroastrianism. Describe early trading networks in the Eastern Mediterranean; include the impact Phoenicians had on the Mediterranean World. • Explain the development and importance of writing; include cuneiform, hieroglyphics, and the Phoenician alphabet. Standards • SSWH2 The student will identify the major achievements of Chinese and Indian societies from 1100 BCE to 500 CE. • Describe the development of Indian civilization; include the rise and fall of the Maurya Empire, the “Golden Age” under Gupta, and the emperor Ashoka. • Explain the development and impact of Hinduism and Buddhism on India and subsequent diffusion of Buddhism. • Describe the development of Chinese civilization under the Zhou and Qin. • Explain the impact of Confucianism on Chinese culture; include the examination system, the • Mandate of Heaven, the status of peasants, the status of merchants, and the patriarchal family, and explain diffusion to Southeast Asia, Japan, and Korea. • Explain how the geography of the Indian Subcontinent contributed to the movement of people and ideas. Standard • SSWH3 The student will examine the political, philosophical, and cultural interaction of Classical Mediterranean societies from 700 BCE to 400 CE. • Compare the origins and structure of the Greek polis, the Roman Republic, and the Roman Empire. • Identify the ideas and impact of important individuals; include Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and describe the diffusion of Greek culture by Aristotle’s pupil Alexander the Great and the impact of Julius and Augustus Caesar. • Analyze the contributions of Hellenistic and Roman culture; include law, gender, and science. • Describe polytheism in the Greek and Roman world and the origins and diffusion of Christianity in the Roman world. • Analyze the factors that led to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. Day One First Ten • Turn in your parent sheet to the basket if you have it signed. Remember, I want this by tomorrow (Friday). • Syllabus Review Work Session • PPT Notes with SPICE chart • Hammurabi's Code Last Ten • Pick up a copy of an excerpt of Hammurabi’s Code. Read it tonight for homework. Feel free to mark/highlight on your copy. You will have questions concerning the document on Friday. Day Two First Ten • Turn in your parent sheet to the basket. It is due today. Also, please add your name to the notebook list on the board if you have yours ready for me to check. • Pick up a worksheet and a sentence strip from the front desk and follow the directions at the top of the sheet. Record your sentence on your sentence strip. You may want to do it in pencil first. • While you are doing this I will be checking your HW from last night – have it out on your desk please. Hook • Answer the questions on the back of the sheet. • Let’s discuss! Summary – Chapter One • CE and BCE – Do you know what this means? • The study of early human remains and artifacts helps in understanding our place in human history. • What is an artifact? • What is culture? • Stone Age - Ice Age • Paleolithic Age – 2.5 million to 8000 BCE – Nomads – hunter/gatherer • Neolithic Age – 8000 BCE to 3000 BCE – Agricultural revolution • Modern Humans • Neanderthals – resourcefulness and social customs – vanished 30,000 years ago • Cro-Magnons – Migration – Modern human https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kfBSB9iol3w Summary – Chapter Two • What makes a civilization? • The earliest civilization in Asia arose in Mesopotamia and organized into city-states. • Fertile Crescent – Mesopotamia – Tigris & Euphrates – Sumerians settle here in 3300 BCE (modern day Iraq) • Why here? • Pros and Cons of location? In order to fix issues necessity for leadership – Sumer • Akkadians (2300 BCE) Babylonians (1894 BCE) Specialized Workers Complex Institutions Record Keeping Characteristics of a Civilization Advanced Cities Advanced Technology Mesopotamian Societies • Religious • Polytheism gods controlled the various forces of nature humans were servants to gods ziggurat bleak/grim afterlife • Cultural • Kings, land of holders, and some priests made up the highest level in Sumerian society Wealthy merchants ranked next The vast majority ordinary Sumerians people worked with their hands in fields and workshops lowest level of Sumerian society were the slaves • Economic • Bartering, long distance trade over desert traded agriculture surplus: wheat, barley, dates, veggies, imported what they didn‘t have like stone and wood • Political • Sumer was not united divided into warring city-states rivaled each other which led to the emergence of warrior-kings to provide protection DYNASTY ruler was servant to the gods and led ceremonies meant to please them POLYTHEISM Sumerian social classes Kings, landowners, and priests Wealthy merchants Workers (agricultural – artisans) Slaves Sumerian Advancements • Cuneiform/Scribes • Wheel – for trade • Arithmetic and Geometry – Number system based on 60 • 12 month calendar • Art Focused on gods • Ziggurat • Literature – Epic of Gilgamesh https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sohXP x_XZ6Y Hammurabi’s Code • Hammurabi was a Babylonian king who reigned from 1792-1750 BCE. • Hammurabi expanded his empire (Babylon – city-state) and united the southern Euphrates River area of Mesopotamia. • His law code, a collection of 282 laws and standards, stipulated rules for commercial interactions and set fines and punishments to meet the requirements of justice. • Hammurabi's Code was proclaimed at the end of his reign and carved onto a massive, finger-shaped black stone stela (pillar) that was looted by later invaders and rediscovered in 1901 by a French archaeological team in present-day Iran. • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oDALX ORbtR4 First Ten • Based on our discussion of the Ancient Mesopotamians, what similarities and differences do you see based upon your prior knowledge and the information below concerning the Ancient Egyptians? • Environment: • • • Nile flooding was predictable Natural barriers to invaders – desert Nile was important for trade and transportation • Political • • Pharaohs ruled kingdom AS gods Pharaohs had pyramids constructed through the use of slaves • Science and Technology • Hieroglyphics, pyramids, mathematics and geometry, and medicine Hook – Venn Diagram Mesopotamia Egypt Egypt Characteristics of Egypt • Environment: • Nile flooding was predictable • Natural barriers to invaders – desert • Nile was important for trade and transportation • Political • Pharaohs ruled kingdom AS gods • Pharaohs had pyramids constructed through the use of slaves • Science and Technology • Hieroglyphics, pyramids, mathematics and geometry, and medicine Work Session • Stations Activity 1. Hammurabi's Code Review – Analyzing a Primary Document 2. The Ancient Egyptians – Separation of Church and State? 3. Phoenician Puzzle 4. Edmodo Sign-Up 5. Ancient Writing 6. Development of Monotheism Last Ten • Homework – What do I know about religions? • Absent Student – If a student was absent today, how would you … • Explain the MAJOR similarities and differences between ancient civilizations of the River Valley Systems. Day Four First Ten • Get out your religion chart and your stations activity chart from yesterday. • Answer the following questions: • Three words that best describe my beliefs are: • In a lesson on world religions I would like to learn more about: • I have always wondered about _________ in relation to religion. • Religion really challenges me to _________________ ____________________________________________________ • One thing that really bothers me about religion is _______ __________________________________________________ • http://www.mapsofwar.com/ind/history-of-religion.html Hook - Stations Activity Review • Think about what stations you did not get to. What can you do to supplement for this information? • Edmodo – Did it work at home for you? • http://prezi.com/0vdyxvaowqyt/?utm_campaign=sha re&utm_medium=copy Zoroastrianism • Beliefs: • • • Earth is a battleground, where a great battle is fought between good and evil. Each person takes part in this struggle Satan and Angels? • Branches: Manichaeism (competed with Christianity) • Creation: War, Conquest, and Famine Why should so much suffering and chaos exist in the world? • Gods: Belief in one god (Ahura Mazda) He will judge everyone • Founders: Persian Prophet – Zoroaster 600 BCE Day Five First Ten – Which one does not belong? • Eightfold Path, Ten Commandments, Four Vedas, Five Pillars • Siddhartha Gautama, Confucius, Jesus Christ, Zoroaster • Mosque, Synagogue, Temple, Koran, Cathedral • Torah, Vedas, Analects, Bible, Koran, Samsara • Christianity, Confucianism, Islam, Judaism • Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism Hook • Finish Religions – Prezi Work Session • China/India Empires • Quiz India 1100 BCE to 500 CE • Maurya • First Empire in India was the Maurya by Chandragupta Maurya, 321 BCE, unified India by force and war, extravagant cities Asoka (Grandson) • The empire was developed in the Lower Gages River region in India. • Asoka unified India with Buddhism “peace to all beings.” • Gupta • 500 years after Asoka’s death a new leader takes over – Chandra Gupta (not related) “King of Kings – 320 CE • Gupta Golden Age • Literature - Writing – Tamil Poems – Chandra Gupta kept a court poet • Drama – Classical dances still prevalent today • Astronomy – Calendars, navigation w/ astronomy • Math – Very advanced, concept of 0, decimal system, calculated pi to four decimal places, calculation of solar year • Medicine – development of medical guides, surgery and vaccinations Importance of Geography China - Zhou 1100 BCE - 500 CE • Zhou • In 1027 BCE the Zhou dynasty overthrew the Shang Dynasty through the use of the Dynasty Cycle. The Zhous utilized ancestor worship and oracle bones in religious ways. • Advancements: Roads and canals, coined money • Qin • The Qin replaced the Zhou Dynasty and kept China unified. This dynasty is known for the creation of the Great Wall, a unified system of writing, law, currency, and weights/measures. • One concept that emerges during this time is Legalism. This is the belief in a highly efficient and powerful gov’t. The gov’t wanted to control beliefs and actions. If you were disobedient you could be punished greatly. (ex: Anyone caught outside his village without a travel permit should have his ears or nose chopped off) • Civil Service Exam • 18 ranks: government jobs that civilians obtained by taking examinations • History, law, literature, and Confucianism • Continued in China until 1912 • Dynasty Cycle Structured Society Last Ten • Quiz Early Civilizations and Religions Day six Ancient Greece First Ten • Questions from Quiz • Poll Question on Edmodo • Many of the words in the English language are rooted in Greek language. Below you will find common prefixes and root words. Can you determine what they need as well as come up with one word we use that is rooted in the prefix or root word? • Greek Prefix • • • A-, anGeoHyper- • Greek Roots • • • -Anthrop-Chron-Dem- Hook • Three words I would use to describe Greece. • In groups of three - three words • In groups of six – three words • Word Splash Work Session • PPT with guided notes and video clips • Start DBQ – Ancient Greece Ancient Greece 500-323 B.C.E. Greek geography • Greece is mountainous • Greek communities often times developed independently because of the mountains, thus they were diverse • Concept of city – state • War against one another Geography • Greece is a peninsula about the size of Louisiana in the Mediterranean Sea. • How would this location benefit them? Technology results from scarcity; going from abundance of water to a lack of water • All cities need fresh water. This is a Greek aqueduct, basically a brick water pipe. Technology results from necessity • Since Greek coastal cities were sandwiched between the ocean and the sea, they developed a powerful navy for trading and fighting. Athenian Empire • Athens dominated the Delian League. • More than 200 Greek city-states • League money was used to make the Athenian navy the strongest in the Mediterranean. • Control water = Safety and Trade Inventions • Dice • Olympics (776 BCE) • Crane • Use of arches and columns in architecture mathematics Glorifying Athens • League money also used to beautify Athens. • The Parthenon – built to honor Athena, goddess of wisdom & protector of Athens • Sculptures- “serenity” & “grace.” Classical art More Greek Architecture Parthenon In Nashville, TN Glorifying Athens • Classical Art – sculptors wanted to portray ideal beauty, not realism. • Drama – the tragedy & the comedy. • Tragedy: pain and suffering of human life • Tragic flaw (hero) • Love, hate, betrayal, or war • Comedies • Important ideas • Some were critical • Free and open society Greek Military • This is a hoplite, a Greek infantry soldier. • Hoplites were middle-class freemen who had to pay for their own weapon and shield. Greek Military • This is a phalanx. • Soldiers for a fortification with their bodies. They each have a large shield and a 9 foot long spear. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_422L YJ3P8 Greek religion was polytheistic. • The Greeks developed a rich set of myths, or traditional stories, about their gods. • The stories of these myths is known as mythology. • Through the myths, the Greeks sought to understand the mysteries of nature and the power of human passions. • Greeks attributed human qualities, such as love, hate, and jealousy, to their gods. • Zeus, the ruler of the gods, lived on Mount Olympus with his wife, Hera. City-States • Development of more formal governments- the city states. • The city-state or polis was the fundamental political unit in ancient Greece. A polis was made up of a city and its surrounding countryside, which included numerous villages. Types of Governments • Totalitarian- govt control over every aspect of public and private lives. • Monarchy- a single person, king, ruled the government • Aristocracy- a government ruled buy a small group of noble, landowning families • Oligarchy- a government ruled by a few powerful people Political: Athens was the first democracy. • Democracy: type of government where people vote. • Athens was a direct democracy • The U.S. today is a representative democracy, where we vote for people to make decisions for us. Direct participation was the key to Athenian democracy. In the Assembly, every male citizen was not only entitled to attend as often as he pleased but also had the right to debate, offer amendments, and vote on proposals. Every man had a say in whether to declare war or stay in peace. Basically any thing that required a government decision, all male citizens were allowed to participate in. Sparta • Spartan society was obsessed with war. • Boys were sent to military school at a young age. • Boys who are born deformed are left to die on mountainsides http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uLyW5 UYPYYs Golden Age of Athens 477-431 BC • Pericles-leader of Athens (461-429 BC). • 3 goals: • Strengthen Athenian democracy. • To hold & strengthen the empire. • To glorify Athens. Athens • Athenians were tough but were encouraged to engage in activities like art, philosophy, music. Philosophy • Greek philosophers, or "lovers of wisdom," used observation and reason to study the world around them. Socrates Plato Aristotle Socratic Method of questioning as a learning tool. Truth & Justice; many did not trust him = poison Socrates’ pupil; Wrote The Republic Favored a strong, controlling government. Student of Plato; Developed ideas on government Favored the one strong and wise rule as best form. Considered to be first western philosopher Society has three classes: Philosophers, Soldiers, and Workers Human Reason was the key to learning; Scientific Method Logical thinking Activity - Project • Design a “chariot” bumper sticker for Athens AND Sparta! Your bumper stickers MUST show the differences between the two societies and their goals for their people. You can include political, economic, cultural, social, or intellectual beliefs of the society. This will be due on Monday 8/19. You will need to work on it outside of class. Your bumper sticker must be visually attractive and easy to read. Your name should be on the back of both. Last TEn • What type of Gov’t did Sparta have? • List 4 inventions of the Greeks. • What type of Gov’t did Athens have? • How did the geography of Greece impact the people? • Which city-state was more focused on their citizens expressing their individuality and focuses on the arts? Day Seven Alexander First Ten • What geographic factors might have confined democracy largely to Athens? • Why might the sea have been important to the spread of Greek culture? • What geographic features might have strengthened the Macedonian desire to build an empire to the south and east? Hook • Reminders: Sign up for Edmodo, keep notebook organized (notes quiz), ask questions, participate in discussion! I will pick a student for “Beemon’s Best” and the name will be up on Monday. • Review Quiz • DBQ #1 – Ancient Greek Contributions Work Session • Alexander the Great – Engineering an Empire with questions Last Ten • Chariot Bumper sticker due on Monday! Any questions? • Getting to know you – ROW TWO! • Row One • Zach, Michael, Mark, Becky, Lorena, Millie, Kevin! Day Eight Alexander’s Empire & Review First Ten • Turn in your chariot bumper stickers to the basket – Your name must be on the back of each. • Remember, late work can be handed in but at a 50% deduction. Better late than never, but better never be late if you are concerned with your grade! • Review Primary Docs – Get out Greek Contributions DBQ from Friday. Hook Work Session • Look at Alexander the Great PPT • Finish Alexander: Engineering an Empire Alexander the Great 356-323 B.C.E. How a Young Man became SO Great • 20 Years old when he became king • Under Aristotle’s teaching, Alexander learned science, geography, and literature. • He especially enjoyed Homer’s description of the heroic deeds performed by Achilles during the Trojan War. • To inspire himself he kept a copy of the Iliad under his pillow! Alexander the Great in Persia • Alexander wants to carry out his father’s plan of invading Persia • Leading his troops into battle, Alexander smashed the Persian defenses. • Shaken by his defeat, Darius III (king of Persia) tried to negotiate a peace settlement. He offered him half of his lands…but Alexander wanted all. Alexandria • The Egyptians welcomed Alexander and they crowned him Pharaoh. • During his time in Egypt he founded the city of Alexandria at the mouth of the Nile. • After leaving Egypt he moved East into Mesopotamia Alexander the Great’s Empire What a Great Death • After conquering so much territory, Alexander planned to unify his empire. • Unfortunately he became seriously ill with a fever and died a few days later at the age of 32. • After Alexander died, his Macedonian generals fought among themselves for control of his empire. • It was divided among 3 men. Ignoring democratic traditions of the Greek polis, these rulers and their descendants governed with complete power over their subjects. • A vibrant new culture emerged from the blend of Greek and Eastern customs. Hellenistic Culture • Alexander’s ambitions were cultural as well as military and political. He actively sought to meld the conquered culture with that of the Greeks. • As a result a vibrant new culture emerged. This blending with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences became known as Hellenistic culture. Library at Alexandria (333 B.C.E.) First True research library in the World. The Breakup of Alexander’s Empire Romans are Next! Last Ten • Homework: Research the following questions: • What events caused the rise of the Roman Republic? • What events caused the fall of the Roman Empire? • 3 FACTS about the Roman Empire. Day Nine Roman Empire 8/20/13 Your To-Do List … • Watch CNN Student News: http://www.cnn.com/studentnews/ • Write your HW on the side whiteboard. Take turns by rows – once someone has wrote something you cannot repeat it. When we come in on Wednesday we should have a complete list. • Using your textbook, complete Chapter Assessment Ancient Greece & Rome WS – Front and back – Turn into basket COMPLETE. • Complete word search entitled: Vocabulary Words in World History. A completed word search can be used for a homework pass at a later date These are words we will see FREQUENTLY this semester. • No names should be left for a behavior concern. This will result in an immediate call home. You should stay in your seat. Do not move desks.