Ancient Greece Part II Study Guide Mrs. M. Brown Parthenon 1. The ___________ was constructed in Athens to honor Athena in the 400’s BC 2. Natural events in nature such as thunder and earthquakes were believed to be caused by gods _______ by the ancient Greeks museum library 3. The Egyptians built a ______ and a _______ to make Alexandria, Egypt a great center of culture and learning during the Hellenistic Age father 4. Philip II was the _____________ of Alexander cavalry 5. A __________ is a unit of mounted soldiers on horses 6. The Peloponnesian War began because Greek Athens would control________ Greece cities feared ________ _______ work together 7. An alliance is an agreement to ______ _______ rules of geometry 8. Euclid created the ________ __ _______ that are still used today 9. A group of warriors standing close together in a phalanx square is called a _____________ Apollo 10. The god of the sun was __________ 11. Making Persia’s empire strong was the goal of Darius ____________ 12. The ancient Greeks most valued philosophy and achievements art as evidenced by their _________________ 13. A teacher and philosopher, he taught by asking questions but people were upset by his ideas and Socrates he was forced to drink poison. ____________ 14. The king of the gods and goddesses and god of Zeus the sky. _____________ 15. Why didn’t Alexander conquer all of His soldiers refused to fight any longer India?5__________________________________ 16. __________ was a Greek writer who wrote Aesop fables 17. The Iliad and the Odyssey were written by ___________ Homer 18. Why did Alexander spread the Greek culture throughout his empire? He admired and enjoyed Greek culture _________________________________ and ideas lyric poetry 19. A poem set to music is called _______________ 20. Short stories that teach lessons about life or give advice about how to live . ________________ fables 21. Stories about gods and nature that try to explain how the world works. _________________ mythology roads 22. Darius built ________ to help messengers travel quickly throughout the empire Hellenistic 23. The spread of ______________ culture brought Greek customs to new parts of the world. 24. Athenian domination of the Delian League Sparta caused _________ to declare war on Athens. Constructed Response Greek mythology included stories about different Greek gods and goddesses. Identify at least 3 gods/goddesses and what they controlled in nature. Zeus-lightening, thunder, god of all gods Apollo-god of the sun—sun rises in the east and sets in the west Poseidon-god of the sea, brother of Zeus, sea horses Hades- god of the underworld, brother of Zeus Demeter- goddess of agriculture, invented seasons Athena-goddess of wisdom, sprang from Zeus’s head THE TEST! You will be given 2 passages about 2 city-states and asked what one of the city-state values Know how to read a map and a timeline! Be SURE to study!