Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Study Guide for Honors Biology Name:________________________________ 75 multiple choice questions worth one point each for a total of 75 points. What is the nature of an enzyme? Think of what we discussed about enzymes and how it relates to the water splitting enzyme in Photosynthesis. What is the nature of light? What is the electromagnetic spectrum? What are the different types of pigments you learned about in your labs and what are their characteristics? What wavelengths are more beneficial to photosynthesis than others? In detail, describe what happens in the light dependent reaction. In detail, describe what happens in the light independent reaction. How does gradient relate to ATP production in both photosynthesis and cellular Repiration? In detail, describe how ATP Synthase works. What is the difference between heterotrophs and autotrophs? What is the difference between anaerobic and aerobic organisms? In detail, explain how cellular respiration and fermentation are different. What is glycolysis and how much ATP can it generate? What are the two types of fermentation and why are they important? What is the initial product of glycolysis? What does it become before the Kreb’s Cycle? In detail, describe the process of cellular respiration. How much ATP is generated during the Krebs Cycle? How much ATP is generated during electron transfer phosphorylation The highly toxic cyanide poison binds to the last molecule in the electron transfer chain (in cellular respiration), halting additional electron transfer. What is the consequence? Describe where in the mitochondria the Krebs Cycle takes place AND where electron transport (electron phosphorylation) occurs. What are the byproducts of cellular respiration? What are the byproducts of both types of fermentation?