Revolutionary War Timeline By: Carmen Voss The American Indian War The American Indian war was fought by the British, Colonists, and Native Americans on one side and the French and other Native Americans on the other, it began in 1754. The French surrendered in 1760, a year after losing Quebec. The war was officially ended in 1763 after the Treaty of Paris was signed. This war cost the British MILLIONS of dollars. To pay off their debt, the British began to enforce taxes on colonial goods (Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Quartering Act, etc), creating the first spark of rebellion. French and Indian War Pictures The Boston massacre March 5, 1770- five colonists were killed when British soldiers fired into a crowd of mad colonists. Colonists called this attack the “Boston Massacre,” claiming it was a deliberate British attack on innocent civilians. The use of the word massacre is considered a hyperbole, therefore making this the first evidence of propaganda in the United States. The First Continental Congress September 1774- delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies gathered in Philadelphia. This gathering is known as the First Continental Congress. During the meeting the delegates agreed to form the minute men, boycott certain goods, and create a Declaration of Rights against British actions. First Continental Congress Pictures Lexington and Concord April 18, 1774- Thomas Gage (British general) was ordered to capture the patriot leaders and the gum powder and weapons the patriots had in Concord. Gage took 700 British troops to Concord. The alarm riders notified the minutemen that “the British are coming!” 70 minutemen responded, meeting the British soldiers in Lexington where eight colonists were killed (Shot heard around the world). By the time the British reached Concord, they were greeted by a stronger group of minute men. Many of the British soldiers were killed and the Revolutionary War had officially begun. Battle of Bunker Hill After the battles in Lexington and Concord, the British army fell back to Boston where they were met by a militia of 10,000 men. The British defeated the militia on June 17, 1775, but it gave the colonists hope in the resistance with fighting a more experienced army. Declaration of Independence The Declaration formally announced the breaking away of the United States from Great Britain. The document expressed that man has three main “inalienable rights”: “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” It also expressed the colonists discontent with the King’s unfair laws and taxes on the colonies. The final document was given to the congress on June 28, 1776 to be reviewed. The declaration was signed on July 2, 1776. Independence Day is celebrated two days later on July 4, 1776. Cornwallis surrenders in Yorktown, VA July 1781: Cornwallis took his army to Chesapeake Bay, after being forced towards the coast by Lafayette’s army, to wait for the aid of a British ship. Washington commanded Lafayette to keep the British soldiers stuck on the bay and gathered 17,000 troops to attack the British by sea. With no other choice Cornwallis surrendered on October 19, 1781. Surrender of Cornwallis Pictures U.S. and Great Britain Sign the Treaty of Paris The British were officially defeated by the colonists. The Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783. By signing the treaty, Great Britain was finally acknowledging the independence of the United States. Signing of the Treaty of Paris Pictures U.S. Constitution Signed On September 17, 1787, the Constitutional Convention took action due to the dissatisfaction with the Articles of Confederation and the need for a strong central government the United States was lacking. Secret debates and compromises took place for four months, resulting in the submission of the Constitution to the Colonies for approval. Although it was close in some state, the Constitution was signed and a new Federal government was put into motion in 1789.