UNIT 1 STUDY GUIDE Age of Exploration Name____________________________ SS-08-4.3.2 Students will explain why and give examples of how human populations changed and/or migrated because of factors such as war, disease, economic opportunity and technology in the United States prior to Reconstruction. What are the pros and cons of the Colombian Exchange? What is the Great Convergence? How did technology and economics influence the Great Convergence and the Colombian Exchange? Define: Caravel, Astrolabe, Mercator Projection SS-08-5.1.1 Students will use a variety of tools (e.g., primary and secondary sources) to describe and explain historical events and conditions and to analyze the perspectives of different individuals and groups (e.g., gender, race, region, ethnic group, age, economic status, religion, and political group) in U.S. history prior to Reconstruction. How did Marco Polo impact exploration? Why did Columbus sail west? Which regions of “The New World” were explored by the various countries (France, England, Spain, Portugal, etc.)? Define Columbian Exchange and Great Convergence. What impact did these events have on the people of Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas? SS-08-5.2.1 Students will explain events and conditions that led to the "Great Convergence" of European, African and Native American people beginning in the late 15th century, and analyze how America's diverse society developed as a result of these events. Why did Europeans search for trade routes? Explain how technologies (such as astrolabes and caravels) led to exploration Explain how European technology helped them conquer Native American peoples What hardships did early settlers face?