Unit 4

Unit 4
Lesson 3
Disagreements Grow
Big Idea
Anticipatory Set
California Standards
Social Studies Standard 5.1:
Understand how political,
religious, and economic ideas
and interests brought about the
California Standards
Social Studies Standard 5.2:
Know the significance of the
first and second Continental
Congresses and of the
Committees of
California Standards
Social Studies Standard 5.4:
Describe the views, lives, and
impact of key individuals during
this period.
California Standards
Social Studies Standard 6.1:
Identify and map the major military
battles, campaigns, and turning points
of the Revolutionary War, the roles of
the American and British leaders, and
the Indian leaders’ alliances on both
Input - Timeline
Dec. 16, 1773 – The Boston Tea Party
April 1774 – Parliament passes the
Coercive Acts
Sep. 1774 – The first Continental
Congress is held
April 1775 – The Battles of Lexington
and Concord
Language of the Discipline
Monopoly – the complete control of
a good or service in an area.
Coerce – to bring about by force or
Blockade – to stop others from
entering or leaving a harbor.
Language of the Discipline
Quarter – to provide or pay for
Congress – a formal meeting of
Language of the Discipline
Petition – a signed request made to
an official person or organization.
Minutemen – a member of the
Massachusetts colony militia who
could quickly be ready to fight.
Revolution – a sudden, great change,
such as the overthrow of an
established government.
The Boston Tea Party
Pg. 337
In 1773 Parliament passed the Tea Act.
This gave the East India Company a monopoly.
They were now the only legal sellers of tea in
the colonies.
The tea was taxed, but was still less
Britain thought colonists would gladly buy the
cheaper tea even though it was taxed.
Angry colonists still decided to boycott.
Ships loaded with tea set sail for the colonies.
Nov. 1773 – 3 ships arrived in Boston Harbor.
They were allowed to dock, which made many
colonists angry.
They began to protest.
One night the Sons of Liberty dressed as
Mohawk Indians, boarded the ships, and threw
342 chests of tea into the harbor.
This became known as the Boston Tea Party.
The Coercive Acts
Pg. 338
As punishment, Parliament passed the Coercive
Colonists considered these laws to be
The laws became known as the “Intolerable
Acts” by the colonists.
The First Continental
Pg. 339
British leader, William Pitt, suggested that
parliament govern America gently.
September 1774, representatives of the colonies
meet in Philadelphia to discuss a response to
First meeting of its kind in N. America – later
called the First Continental Congress.
Members drafted a petition that stated their
basic rights as British citizens.
Right to Life and Liberty, the right to
assemble, right to trial by jury.
Lexington and
Pg. 340
April 1775 – Minutemen militia units
organized in Massachusetts.
British General Gage heard that Samuel
Adams and John Hancock were meeting in
Lexington and storing weapons in Concord.
Gage ordered 700+ soldiers to march to Lexington
and Concord to arrest these men.
The secret march was found out by Paul Revere.
Revere rode to Lexington to warn Adams and
John Hancock and Samuel Adams
Because of Revere’s warning the minutemen were ready for
the British soldiers.
Minutemen leader John Parker told his men to hold their
No one knows who fired first. 8 minutemen were killed
and several other were wounded.
The British then marched to Concord but the weapons
had been moved.
Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson later called these shots “the
shots heard round the world” as the fighting marked the
first steps in creating the United States of America.
After the Boston Tea Party,
Parliament passed laws to punish the
colonists. The First Continental
Congress sent the king a petition
arguing for the rights of the
colonists. Battles at Lexington and
Concord marked the start of war
between Britain and the 13 colonies.
Unanswered Questions
What did the colonists do when they
couldn’t afford to quarter soldiers?
How did Paul Revere hear about the
British soldiers marching?
Ask your own…
Multiple Perspectives
Draw a picture of the Lexington and
Concord confrontation.
Describe how a soldier on each side
(British, Colonies) felt.
When did the British march to
Lexington and Concord?
April 1775
Check for understanding
How did the
Coercive Acts
affect trade in
They closed the
port of Boston,
which cut off all
legal trade.
Check for understanding
What is the
term for a
control of a
good or service?
A Monopoly.
Pg 82