The Road to Lexington and Concord Chapter 6 Section 3 The Intolerable Acts Key ? - What rights were threatened by the Intolerable Acts? “We must master them or totally leave them to themselves and treat them as aliens.” Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts.); closed the port of Boston; banned town meetings; replaced elected counsel; increased the governor’s power; British officials accused of crimes could not be tried by the colonists; British officers house troops in private dwellings. The First Continental Congress 1774 – delegates from all colonies(except Georgia) met in Philadelphia. Voted to ban all trade with Britain until the Intolerable Acts were repealed; each colony would begin training troops. Not ready to call for independence, but upheld the colonial rights. The Revolution Begins Key ? – Why did the fighting begin at Lexington? Both British and colonists had informants to watch over each other’s activities. General Thomas Gage orders that Sam Adams and John Hancock be arrested in Lexington. The Midnight Ride – Sons of Liberty sent Paul Revere and William Dawes to spread the news about the British movement. Revere arranged for signals in the Old North Church – one if by land and two if by sea. Lexington and Concord April 19, 1775 – No one knows who fired first at Lexington – 8 militia men dead. British marched to Concord and destroyed military supplies. A battle broke out and British retreated. 4,000 Minutemen arrived and peppered the retreating British with musket fire. Revolutionary War Lexington and Concord were the first battles. “shot heard ‘round the world” – Ralph Waldo Emerson. Americans would now have to choose sides. Loyalists – those who supported the British. Patriots – those who supported the rebels.