Marine Science Unit O Study Guide What will the exam look like and how should I study? The exam will consist of about 50 questions. Most questions will be multiple choice with one or two essay questions. You will need to RECALL information you learned as well as APPLY information in order to answer the questions. It is HIGHLY recommended that you review the following materials in preparation for the exam: Sections 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 Chap 1 review questions on p23-26 Section 2.2 The History & Science of Marine Biology class notes Quadrat & Transect Class Notes The Engineering Process and Deep Sea Challenge class notes & handouts Past homework quiz questions What is going to be on the exam? Students should KNOW …….. What is studied in the different divisions of marine biology The important people and discoveries in the field of oceanography The important events and developments in the history of ocean exploration The advantages and disadvantages of the different types of sampling equipment and diving equipment used by a marine scientist How to calculate the buoyant force placed on an object using Archimedes’ principle The difference between positive, negative, and neutral buoyancy The relationship between a buoyant object and the water it displaces Students should be ABLE to…. Analyze and interpret marine data in order to draw conclusions Distinguish between independent, dependent, and constant variables in a controlled scientific experiment Describe the advantages and disadvantages between using point intercept along a transect and point intercept within a quadrat when monitoring a site Demonstrate the steps of the scientific method in order to answer questions about the ocean environment. Distinguish between inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning Demonstrate the steps of the engineering process in order to solve a design problem Please NOTE……. I hope this guide helps you study. While this is a fairly comprehensive list, questions may not be limited to just the information above. Good luck studying! You will do GREAT!