The 10 Plagues

The 10 Plagues
Of Egypt
The 10 Plagues
Water into Blood
Livestock Diseased
Death of the Firstborn
1st Plague:
Water into Blood
• Exodus 7:14-24
• “So he lifted up the rod and struck the waters that were in the
river, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants.
And all the waters that were in the river were turned to
blood. The fish that were in the river died, the river stank, and
the Egyptians could not drink the water of the river. So there
was blood throughout all the land of Egypt. ”
– Water turned to blood
– Fish died
– Couldn’t drink from it
• Fear and inconvenience to the people
2nd Plague:
• Exodus 8:1-15
– “So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters
of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the
land of Egypt.”
• Fear and inconvenience to the people
3rd Plague:
• Exodus 8:16-19
• “For Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod
and struck the dust of the earth, and it
became lice on man and beast. All the dust of
the land became lice throughout all the land
of Egypt.”
• Pain onto man and animals
4th Plague:
• Exodus 8:20-32
• Pharaoh BEGGED Moses to get rid of the flies
• Discomfort to man and animals
5th Plague:
Livestock Diseased
• Exodus 9:1-7
• Death to animals only
• Pharaoh went to check if the livestock of the
Israelites died as well but he found out not
one did
6th Plague:
• Exodus 9:8-12
• Severe pain to man and animals
7th Plague:
• Exodus 9:13-35
• A warning?  Behold, tomorrow about this time I
will cause very heavy hail to rain down, such as has
not been in Egypt since its founding until
now. 19 Therefore send now and gather your livestock
and all that you have in the field, for the hail shall
come down on every man and every animal which is
found in the field and is not brought home; and they
shall die.
– Only the hard-hearted suffer
8th Plague:
• Exodus 10:1-20
• Before the Locusts came Pharaoh said, “How
long shall this man be a snare to us? Let the
men go, that they may serve the LORD their
God. Do you not yet know that Egypt is
• Ate everything in the land
• Pharaoh BEGGED them again!
9th Plague:
• Exodus 10:21-29
• Inability to see
• Pharaoh gave permission for the Israelites to
leave but they would have to leave the flock,
10th Plague:
Death of the Firstborn
• Exodus 11:1-10 & Exodus 12:1-42
• Death to all the firstborn in Egypt
• “...that you may know that the LORD does
make a difference between the Egyptians and
What was the point?
• Pharaoh’s heart was hardened
against the people
– Exodus 7:14  So the LORD said to
Moses: “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; he
refuses to let the people go.”
Why Did Pharaoh Disobey?
• In Ancient Egypt, the King is viewed
as the son of the Sun God (Ra). And
the people viewed him as a God,
and if he were to submit himself to
the God of the Hebrews, he may
lose his political standing
Why Did the Egyptians
• They trusted in their Egyptian Gods
whom they worship. They believe
that their Gods would be able to
stand and protect them despite all
the warning given by God through
Moses and Aaron.
The Plagues Affected the
Israelites too!
• Water turn to blood: Israelites were deprive
of drinking water as well
• Frogs: Frogs invaded the house of the
Israelites living in Goshen as well
• Lice: The same lice attacked the Israelites in
Goshen as well.
The Plagues Affected the
Israelites too!
• The Israelites do not trust Moses, despites God
giving Moses the sign.
• The Israelites are faithless. They believed
Moses initially (Ex 4:29-31), yet they lost their
faith when the Pharaoh started to be nasty.
The Result of Turning Back
to God:
• Israelites went through a reexamination
• It is during this time where they found
that their faith is lacking, and repented
from their faithlessness. When they
were reconciled with God, He stopped
his punishment upon them.
• But, the Egyptians hard heartedness
caused God to continue to punish
The Result of Turning Back
to God:
• Flies: God made a distinction between
the land of Goshen which the Israelites
stayed (Ex 8:22-24). God especially
protected the Israelites from the plague.
• Livestock diseased: The livestock of the
Egyptians and the Pharaoh were all
diseased and are dead. The Pharaoh
assumed that the Hebrews livestock
would die as well but when he sent his
men to check, all the livestock of the
Hebrews were unharmed (Ex 9:7)
The 10 Plagues
Nile  Hapi (god of the Nile)
Frogs  Heket (goddess of Fertility)
Lice  Geb (god of the earth)
Flies  Khepri (god of creation and rebirth)
Livestock Hathor (goddess of love and protection)
Boils  Isis (goddess of medicine and peace)
Hailstone  Nut (goddess of the sky)
Locusts  Seth (god of the storm and disorder)
Darkness  Ra (the sun god)
Firstborn  Pharaoh (Ultimate power in Egypt)
The 10 Plagues
• targeted specifically at the gods
Egyptians worship.
• God used the plagues to show the
Egyptians that the idols they worship
are not gods, and they can’t protect
• God of the Hebrews indeed controls
the heaven and earth but since no
one wanted to believe Him, He used
the 10 plagues to prove it.
Aaron’s time to shine!
For the first 3 plagues, God told Moses:
1. Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron,
‘Take your rod and stretch out your hand over
the waters of Egypt, over their streams, over
their rivers, over their ponds, and over all their
pools of water, that they may become blood…”
2. Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron,
‘Stretch out your hand with your rod over the
streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds,
and cause frogs to come up on the land of
3. So the LORD said to Moses, “Say to Aaron,
‘Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the
land, so that it may become lice throughout all
the land of Egypt.’”
Moses’ Time to Speak!
For the 4th and 5th plagues, God told Moses:
4. And the LORD said to Moses, “Rise early in the
morning and stand before Pharaoh as he comes
out to the water…”
5. Then the LORD said to Moses, “Go in to
Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the LORD God
of the Hebrews: “Let My people go, that they
may serve Me. For if you refuse to let them go,
and still hold them, behold, the hand of the
LORD will be on your cattle in the field, on the
horses, on the donkeys, on the camels, on the
oxen, and on the sheep-a very severe
Double Trouble!
For the 6th plague, God told Moses:
6. So the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “Take for
yourselves handfuls of ashes from a furnace,
and let Moses scatter it toward the heavens in
the sight of Pharaoh…”
Moses’ Time to Shine!
For the 7th to 9th plagues, God told Moses:
7. Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your
hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in
all the land of Egypt…”
8. Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your
hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts…”
9. Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your
hand toward heaven, that there may be
darkness over the land of Egypt…”
None of the Above?
For the 10th plagues, God told Moses:
10. And the LORD said to Moses, “I will bring one
more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt.
Afterward he will let you go from here.
Verse of the Lesson:
• Revelations 15:3 
They sing the song of Moses, the servant of
God, and the song of the Lamb, saying:
“Great and marvelous are Your works,
Lord God Almighty!
Just and true are Your ways,
O King of the saints!”