2012

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Academic Biology Final Exam Review 2012
Microbiology
Vocabulary
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Prokaryotes
Bacteria
Antibiotic
Antibiotic resistance
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Virus
Protein coat (capsid)
Vaccine
1.
Draw and label a bacterial cell. List 3 differences between a bacterial cell
and a eukaryotic cell.
2.
Describe 4 beneficial jobs bacteria do that make them important in
maintaining the living world.
3.
Explain why antibiotics can be used to control bacterial infections but are
not effective against a virus.
4.
Describe how overuse of antibiotics can give rise to antibiotic resistant
strains of bacteria.
5.
Draw and label a basic virus. What are the 2 components that are found
in every a virus?
What types of genetic material do viruses use?
6.
What is a vaccine? How does the flu vaccine work to protect you against
a new strain of flu?
7.
Graph A shows the growth of bacteria in food left on the counter in a
warm room. Which time interval shows the greatest increase in bacteria?
Which part of Graph B shows the greatest increase in numbers of
bacteria?
Graph A.
Graph B
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