# Full Inquiry - Force and Motion - Gr. 5

```Grade 5
Forces and Changes in Motion
Big Idea 13
SC.5.P.13.1, SC.5.P.13.2,
SC.5.P.13.3 &amp; SC.5.P.13.4
Pacing Guide – Quarter 1 Topic 7
10/14-10/24
Keisha Kidd, Curriculum Support Specialist
Mary Tweedy, Curriculum Support Specialist
Millard Lightburn, District Supervisor
Department of Mathematics and Science
Benchmark Objectives
• SC.5.P.13.1 – Identify familiar forces that cause objects to
move, such as pushes or pulls, including gravity on falling
objects. AA
• SC.5.P.13.2 – Investigate and describe that the greater the
force applied to it, the greater the change in motion of a
given object. AA
• SC.5.P.13.3 –Investigate and describe that the more mass
an object has, the less effect a given force will have on
the object’s motion.
• SC.5.P.13.4 –Investigate and explain that when a force is
applied to an object but it does not move, it is because
another opposing force is being applied by something in
the environment so that the forces are balanced.
2
FORCE &amp; MOTION
What is MOTION?
• Always a change in the position of an object.
• Sometimes it may involve a change in
direction, too.
What changes motion?
• Motion of an object changes when a force
acts upon the object.
• An object remains in motion, or at rest,
unless a force acts on it.
Object at rest
Object in motion
5
What are forces?
Gravity
Friction
Air Resistance
A push or a pull
Balanced Forces
Versus
Unbalanced Forces
Types of Motion
•
•
•
•
Move in a straight line.
Move in a curved path.
Move back and forth.
Move at different speeds.
Measurement Tools for Motion
Speed
• Distance (meter stick)
• Time (stopwatch)
Types of Forces
•
•
•
•
Push or pull
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
What conditions can affect
force and motion?
•
•
•
•
Amount of mass
Type of force applied
Type of surface texture
Surface area
Moon
Earth
Factors that Determine Motion
• Amount of force
• Mass of the object
• Change in speed
(acceleration)
Let’s Explore!
Force and Motion Ball Inquiry
Problem Statement: develop
Hypothesis: develop
Test (independent/manipulated) Variable: develop
Outcome (dependent/responding) Variable:
develop
Controls (Constants): develop
Materials: (you decide)
1 tennis ball
(ping pong ball or raquetball)
1 meter stick
Stopwatch
Blow dryer
Calculators (optional)
Procedures:
develop
Force and Motion Ball Inquiry
Sample Data Chart
Starting Height
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3 Average
1. 100 cm
2. 80 cm
3. 60 cm
4. 40 cm
Conclusion: The ______ was investigated.
The data _______________ the hypothesis.
After three trials, __________________________
New Questions??
Full Inquiry (Large Post It)
Title: develop
Problem Statement: develop
Hypothesis: develop
Test (independent/manipulated) Variable: develop
Outcome (dependent/responding) Variable: develop
Controls (Constants): develop
Materials: (you decide)
Procedures: develop
Data: (ex. chart, graph)
Conclusion: The ______ was investigated.
The data _______________ the hypothesis.
After three trials, __________________________
New Questions??
```