The Fundamentals of Communication LANIER Fall 2015 Turn to a partner and write down your own definition. DEFINITION: ◦ Communication: a process for exchanging ideas and creating meaning. Has vital SOCIAL, ACADEMIC, CIVIC, and PROFESSIONAL importance. Social: How you connect with others Academic: Good communication skills help students and teachers express themselves clearly and understand others as they clarify meaning and ask questions. Civic: A thriving society relies on GOOD communication. Through communication, we can set up rules and practices. Connections made through GOOD communication open up new opportunities socially, at school, and at work. 1. SELF: Effective communicators consider themselves first. ◦ What am I trying to say? How do I feel about it? How can I say it appropriately? 2. LISTENER: Effective communicators consider their listeners. ◦ How are they responding to what I am saying? How can I adjust what I’m saying to get a better response. ◦ EXAMPLE: Teachers and Students-changing tactics 3. OCCASION: Effective communicators consider the occasion. ◦ What is the occasion? What is my role? What is the role of the listener? 4. TASK: Effective communicators consider the task. ◦ Do I care about this task? How can it be accomplished? MESSAGE: ◦ the idea the sender is trying to communicate SENDER: ◦ the one who initiates the message RECEIVER: ◦ the target of the message FEEDBACK: The response the receiver gives the sender CONTEXT Time or place where communication occurs CHANNEL Means used to transmit the message INTERFERENCE Anything that blocks the message from being sent or received. How does this model pertain to you, as a public speaker? ◦ Who is the sender? ◦ Who is the receiver? Discuss in small groups what type of feedback, channels and interference you will experience as a public speaker. NEVER STOPS ◦ When you stop talking, your silence still communicates ideas, mood, etc. ALWAYS CHANGES ◦ You naturally move from one topic or thought to another. VARIES ◦ Changing any ONE variable in the process changes the communication act itself.