Chapter 23

Chapter 23
• Fauves = “Wild Beasts”
• simple design
• bright colors
• loose brushwork
• art = a form of personal expression
•Purpose: to express happiness
and pleasure
•Emphasis on design and
organization of visual
•The Red Studio
•The Knife Thrower
Walls have no
Round objects
look flat
No shadows
Simple shapes and few colors
• Artworks communicated strong
emotional feelings
• Brucke Manifesto:
•the young and new should replace
the old and established
•art should be first and foremost about
•Street, Berlin
•expresses the tension and
artificial elegance of the city.
Faces are
with slashes
for the mouths
and eyes.
True faces
• Purpose:
•protest the tragic plight of the poor
before and after WWI
• Expressed ideas in etchings,
woodcuts, and lithographs
• Poverty
• Subject matter
•fear, suffering, and experience of
• Showed the world through the eyes
of those in anguish
• The Sick Child
• The Scream
One version
sold May 2,
2012 for
• style that uses color, line, texture, and
unrecognizable shapes/forms.
• No apparent references to reality
• Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider)
•Collective of artists united by desire
to express inner feelings in their
paintings, though their styles differed.
• Believed that art elements could be
arranged to communicate feelings
and emotions
• Art should NOT illustrate an object.
• Improvisation 28 (Second Version)
• Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso
• Influences:
•Cézanne: all shapes in nature are
based on the sphere , the cone, and
the cylinder
•Paint 3-dimensional objects as if
seeing them from many angles at
once on a flat surface
The Glass of Absinthe – Pablo Picasso
Guernica -- Pablo Picasso
• Add materials to
painting surface
clippings, labels
• Purpose: to make
surface of
paintings richer
• Guitar
– Pablo Picasso
Chapter 23 Lesson Two
• After Mexican Revolution of 1921
• Subject matter: political and social
problems of the Mexican people
• Used to tell of revolutions, native
traditions, festivals and legends
• On both interior and exterior walls
• Meant to be public property
• A founder of Mexican mural
• Studied art of Italian fresco artists
• Liberation of the Peon
•Revolutionary soldiers cut the ropes
binding a dead peon (peasant)
•Peasant’s liberation is in death
•“The Mexican Goya”
•Express anger for all forms of
Followers of Emiliano Zapata march to battle
Barricade/La Trinchera
• A founder of Mexican mural painting
• Subject: political
• Echo of a Scream
•Protest against war
•Overlapping flat shapes
•Variety of contrasting light and dark values
•Abstract design
•Gradation of value to create a 3-D quality
and project forms forward in space
• Overlapping
flat shapes
• Variety of
contrasting light
and dark values
• Abstract design
• Gradation of
value to create
a 3-D quality
and project
forms forward
in space
• Not a muralist
• Purpose of art to express personal
feelings about herself
• Frida and Diego Rivera
•Wedding portrait
•Solemn expressions = uncertainty
about future
• Group of artists who made realistic
pictures of the most ordinary
features of the contemporary scene
• Goal: record the city’s color,
excitement, and glamour
• Nightlife, cafes, streets, alleys,
• Backyards, Greenwich Village
•Each element leads to another as
view it
•Illustrates child’s gift of finding joy
and pleasure in almost any
• Similar to those of Ashcan school
but not one of them
• Subject: sports
• Stag at Sharkey’s
• Determination and action captured
with strong diagonal lines and
blurred contours
• First large exhibition of modern art
in America
• Featured both European art
(Fauves, Cubists, Expressionists)
and American art
• New York later replaced Paris as the
art capital of the world