Ecology Study Guide 1. What is ecology? 2. What are the levels of ecological organization and what does each term mean? 3. Give 2 examples of biotic factors and abiotic factors. 4. What is the difference between a habitat and a niche? 5. Name, define, and provide the symbols for the 5 types of community interactions. a. b. c. d. e. 6. What are some ways organisms avoid or protect themselves from predation? 7. Determine the type of community interaction in the following scenarios: a. The bear forages for berries and eats them. b. Mistletoe steals water and nutrients from an oak tree. c. Remoras eat the scraps left over by the sharks; the shark doesn’t benefit, nor is it harmed. 8. Compare and contrast food chains and food webs. 9. Define the following terms and provide examples for each: a. Producer b. Consumer c. Carnivore d. Herbivore e. Omnivore 10. What is another term for producer? 11. What is another term for consumer? 12. How much energy is lost between levels in a food chain? 13. Describe the following biomes: a. Tundra b. Temperate Deciduous Forest c. Savanna d. Desert e. Tropical Rainforest 14. What are some adaptations that organisms in the desert have? Plants- Animals- 15. What are the main differences between primary and secondary succession? 16. What are some ways that humans impact biodiversity? Be able to describe at least 2.