Living Things and the Environment Chapter 11-1 What is Ecology? Ecology is the study of the relationship between living things and their environment. Everything that surrounds a living thing is their environment. Living things are affected by their environment. They also have an effect on their environment Materials that organisms get from their environment are… Nutrients- used by living things for growth and energy More materials that organisms get from their environment… So…materials that organisms get are… Nutrients- used for growth Energy- in the form of sunlight Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Interaction within the species Organisms that live in the same area with other organisms interact with them. They also interact with the non living part of the environment called the Abiotic factor Interaction within species What type of interaction does the wolf have with the moose?