Unit #6 – Nationalism vs. Sectionalism Please copy the following definitions in your Social Studies notebook: 1) American System: Henry Clay’s federal program designed to stimulate the economy with internal improvements and create a self-sufficient nation. 2) Industrial Revolution: The time period in the United States when people began to rely on machines to produce materials and factories and cities began to grow throughout the nation. Please copy the following definitions in your Social Studies notebook: 3) Agricultural Revolution: A movement in the American South to use farm machinery more than manual labor to produce more agricultural products. 4) Eli Whitney: Inventor who patented the idea for interchangeable parts and the cotton gin. Please copy the following definitions in your Social Studies notebook: 5) Nat Turner Rebellion: Leader of the most famous slave rebellion in U.S. History. He and his men killed over 50 white men, women, and children. This caused slave codes to be passed in all southern states. 6) Frederick Douglass: Runaway slave who became the voice of the Abolition Movement. He wrote and published his autobiography which became the best primary source of the slave experience of the time. Please copy the following definitions in your Social Studies notebook: 7) Jacksonian Democracy: Andrew Jackson and his followers’ political philosophy concerned with the interests of the common people and limiting the role of the federal government. 8) Spoils System: Practice of the political party in power giving jobs and appointments to it supporters rather that to people based on their qualifications. 9) Suffrage: The right to vote. 10) Tariff of Abominations: 1828 protective tariff, it was named this by its Southern opponents. Please copy the following definitions in your Social Studies notebook: 11) Abolitionist Movement: A movement that called for the immediate end of slavery in every state where it existed. 12) Temperance Movement: A reform movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the problems created by it. 13) Seneca Falls Convention: The first women’s rights convention held in the United States. 14) Second Great Awakening: Religious revival movement in the second half of the 1800s that was characterized by emotional camp meetings that lasted for days. Please copy the following definitions in your Social Studies notebook: 15) Horace Mann: Pioneer of the education reform movement. He began comprehensive public schools, teacher training, and a board of education. 16) Trail of Tears: The forced march of the Cherokee Indians to move west of the Mississippi to Oklahoma Territory. 17) Women’s Movement: Movement beginning in the mid-1800s that sought greater rights and opportunities for women.