# Mass, Volume and Density ```Introduction MASS DENSITY
AND VOLUME
Measuring Mass

Mass - the quantity of matter in an object


standard unit is gram (g)
Measured using a digital scale or triple
beam balance
Measuring Volume and Capacity

Volume - the amount of space occupied
by an object
standard unit is liter (L)
 1 L = 1000 ml = 1000 cm3 = 1 dm3
 Measured using a graduated cylinder


Capacity - a measure of the volume
inside a container
Measuring Volume

cylinder


Determine value of each
mark on the scale
position of the meniscus


Measure the meniscus at
eye level from the center of
the meniscus.
In the case of water and
most liquids, the meniscus
is concave. Mercury
produces a convex
meniscus.
Displacement

Displacement
Amount of water an object replaces
 Equal to its volume

Volume of a Solid, Irregular Object

Displacement - amount of
water an object replaces

Procedure






spout
Fill the overflow can with water
until water begins to spill
Empty the excess water
Place object to be measured into
the overflow can
Remove when water stops flowing
out of the can
Measure the displaced water
Volume of a Solid, Irregular Object

Displacement

Calculate the
difference
between the
initial and final
volume
measurement.
Volume of a Solid, Regular Object

Volume - length x width x height



V = 2.8 cm x 3.2 cm x 2.5 cm
V = 22.4 cm3
Measured with a ruler
Calculating Density

Density - a specific property of matter that is
related to its mass divided by the volume.


D=M/V
the ratio of mass to volume


used to characterize a substance
each substance has a unique density

Units for density include:



g/mL
g/cm3
g/cc
Measuring Time

Time

metric unit is second (s)
Measuring Temperature

Temperature the degree of
“hotness” of an
object


standard unit is
celsius (&deg;C)
measured with
a
thermometer
Temperature Conversions

Conversion Between
Fahrenheit, Celsius, and
Kelvin
 Example:


Convert 75 &ordm;C to &ordm;F
Convert -10 &ordm;F to &ordm;C
Measurement Unit Conversion

You can convert between units of
measurement
within the metric system
 between the English system and metric
system

Conversion and the Metric
System
ACS
Ms. Grogan
Measurement Unit Conversion

You can convert between units of
measurement
within the metric system
 between the English system and metric
system

Unit Conversion

Let your units do the work for
you by simply memorizing
connections between units.





Example: How many donuts
are in one dozen?
We say: “Twelve donuts in a
dozen.”
Or: 12 donuts = 1 dozen
donuts
What does any number
divided by itself equal?
ONE!
Unit Conversion

This fraction is called a unit
factor


Multiplication by a unit
factor does not change the
amount - only the unit.
Example: How many
donuts are in 3.5 dozen?

You can probably do this in
Factor-Label Method.
Unit Conversion Rules