Unit 2 Review America: Industrial Giant in the Gilded Age

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UNIT 2 REVIEW
AMERICA: INDUSTRIAL GIANT
IN THE GILDED AGE
majority of strikes in 1870’s and 1880’s began
when companies began to ___ worker’s wages
despite of their own growing profits
scissors
cut
Starting with 1890 until Congress passed
legislation to control immigration in the 1920’s,
the largest number of immigrants came from
Italians &
Poles
Southern &
Eastern Europe
In what strike did a court injunction allowed the
government to arrest union leaders and crush
the strike
Debs to
Jail
Pullman
In what strike did a lockout result in an all out
battle between Pinkerton detectives and
strikers?
Frick did it
Homestead
the US government supported ___ efforts to
destroy unions before they could effectively
establish themselves
corporate
businesses
was used as “scientific evidence” by wealthy
American industrialists to prove that they
deserve the wealth they had accumulated
Galapagos
Social
Darwinism
only labor union in the United States in the
1870’s and 80’s that allowed women and
minorities to belong
Barons of
Workers
Knights of
Labor
majority of the _____ in the United States during
the 1880’s, earned a salary that required most
of the family to work in order to put food on the
table.
Blue collar
workers
In late 19th century American labor movement
was involved in a number of violent _____
demonstrate
strikes
the slogan “_____” meant workers wanted
salary and working conditions that allowed them
to put food on the table and build a better life
for their family.
Flour &
Flower
Bread & Roses
involved riot and bombing between striking
workers and police
Cattle feed
store
Haymarket
Officials at Ellis Island used ________
_________ to show which immigrants would be
detained for health reasons.
blackboard
Chalk marks
Labor organizer for the UMW and the IWW who
said “Pray for the dead, and fight like hell for the
living!”
Mother
Mary Harris
Jones
wealthiest person in American History and
founder of Standard Oil, started 1st monopoly
Stoneguy
Rockefeller
founder of U.S. Steel Company, owner of
Homestead, and patron saint of public libraries
Scot
Carnegie
inventor of the light bulb, phonograph, and
motion picture camera
Eddie
Child
Edison
business owns all homes and businesses in
their community
Business
city
Company town
when a workers name is shared with other
businesses who are told not to hire them
Not
Whitenoted
blacklisted
person who takes a job of workers that are on
strike
wound
scab
father of Wall Street who started investment
banking
John
Pierpont
J.P. Morgan
last half of the 19th century called ____
because extreme wealth of big business owners
was used by them to maintain control over
politics
Gold Era
Gilded Age
Who coined this the “Gilded Age”?
Huck’s
author
Mark Twain
In this economy government keeps their hands
out of business
French
Laissez-faire
strike began when management cut wages 10%
but didn’t lower the rent.
Not
Pushwoman
Pullman
major goal of all labor unions in the late 19th
century was
Today’s
workday
8 hour day
major medical problem UMW want mine owners
to provide health care for
Not White
Stomach
Black Lung
founder of the AFL
Rhymes with
Rompers
Samuel
Gompers
photojournalist wrote the book “How the Other
Half Lives”?
__ ii__
Jacob Riis
Lewis Hine photographed
Not
playgrounds
Child Labor
In 1882, Congress passed _____ Exclusion Act
stopping _____ immigration to U.S.tates.
Asian
Chinese
Nativists were anti…
Not WASPs
Immigrants &
Catholics
In 1883 John A. Roebling built 1st suspension
bridge over East River in New York City
Not the
Bronx
Brooklyn
Louis Sullivan build the first
Tall
building
skyscraper
In 1892, immigrants coming into the country to
New York City were processed through…
Not Angel
Ellis Island
Workhouses employed women children worked
12 hour days 6 days a week
Need
deoderent
Sweatshops
urban poor lived in crowded, dark, unsanitary
apartment buildings that allowed very little light
into the rooms, where one floor would share a
toilet.
Not smart
apartments
Dumbbell
tenemants
19th Century cities lacked _______________ and
clean _________, were _________ hazards and
had too much __________
sanitation
fire
water
crime
in 1871, this railroad city was almost destroyed
by fire
Windy City
Chicago
Which city became the steel capital of America?
Western
Penn
Pittsburg
Also there will be multiple choice and short answer
questions on photographs, political cartoons and
primary source excepts on:
•Child
Labor
•Urban poverty
•Immigration
•Strikes--Great RR,Homestead, Pullman, Haymarket
•Labor Unions: Knights of Labor, UMW, IWW, AFL
•Rockefeller and Carnegie.
Long essay topic choice: Immigration or Labor
Movement
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