Dr. Mary Amanda Graham Program Director Seattle University Engaging the Disengaged Frustrations What challenges do you face with your disengaged students? What the Student Thinks What’s important? What motivates? Definition of Motivation Motivation-internal Action Direction Engagement Motivation + Engagement=Learning What Motivates You…What Engages You Why is it different for students Why We Do Things Enjoyment Rewarding Why Do We Do Things Less Enjoyable Students All Students are motivated by something All Students can be engaged Internal vs. External Motivation What are internal motivators at your school What are external motivators at your school The Problem with the Candy Bar It is never enough… Short Term Student losses interest Geared toward the “motivated” student Not a real life transferable skill in many situations. The Internally Motivated Engaged Self Starters Comprehend Materials Uses failure as a motivation Creative Enjoys School High Level of Academic Achievement Assumptions of Choice Theory Basic Needs Quality World Behavior has a Purpose Implications of Choice Theory in School Basic Needs: Love and Belonging Freedom Fun Power Survival Love and Belonging Social over school Acceptance Belonging in a group Cared about Known on a personal level Protecting self to fit in Seems Disinterested Freedom Need for Independence Decision Making Relatedness Involvement in Own Learning Pursuit of Interests Autonomy Fun Engagement Enjoyment Fun Excitement Power Responsibility Leadership Achievement Survival Safety Basic Needs (food, shelter, clothing, safe home…) Risk Taking How Are These Basic Needs Met for Students In Your school? Quality World What does that mean? What does that mean in regards to School? Group Activity Brainstorm with the people at your table. Can you come up with 10 ways to meet students’ basic needs, as well as their needs specific to your school Ideas To Foster The Needs Become a part of the students quality world Work with teachers on the value of personal relationships Buy in from administrators on the role of counselor In-service for teachers Assess Curriculum and Meaning School Environment Ideas-Continued Mentorship Presences Lunch Before Class Activities A Systems Approach Contact Info Dr. Mary Amanda Graham\ Seattle University [email protected] References Glasser, W. Counseling with Choice Theory: The New Reality Therapy Loyd, Byron D. (2005). The effects of reality therapy/choice theory principles on high school students' perception of needs satisfaction and behavioral change. International Journal of Reality Therapy, Vol 25(1), 2005, 5-9 Wubbolding, R. (2000) Reality Therapy in the 21st Century.