Romeo and Juliet Forbidden Love and Family Loyalty Who is William Shakespeare? The Globe Theater www.oppidanlibrary.com/shakespeare.htm www.unplowedground.com/.../travels/travels.html Who is William Shakespeare? • Born in 1564 to John and Mary Arden Shakespeare • 1582: Married to Anne • 1583: Birth of Daughter Susanna • 1585: Birth of twins: Judith and Hamnet • 1587-1592: Established in London as actor/playwright; first work Comedy of Errors Who is William Shakespeare? • 1593: Begins writing sonnets (until 1597-ish) • 1594-1596: Some more famous plays Romeo and Juliet and Midsummer Night’s Dream • 1597-1608: Best known plays including the rest of the tragedies • 1599: The Globe Theatre built • 1609: Publication of the Sonnets • April 23, 1616: Shakespeare dies His Works • Poetry o o The Sonnets The Rape of Lucrece • Plays Tragedies: Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth Comedies: Much Ado About Nothing Histories: Richard III, Henry V The Time Period • Elizabethan Era • The Renaissance • Actors were men only o Men even played female roles! • Plays were one of the main source of entertainment Three Classifications of Shakespearean Drama: • COMEDY • HISTORY • TRAGEDY Romeo and Juliet is a… Tragedy TRAGIC HERO Qualities of a Tragic Hero: • Possesses high importance or rank • Exhibits extraordinary talents • Displays a tragic flaw—an error in judgment or defect in character—that leads to downfall • Faces downfall with courage and dignity BLANK VERSE • Written like poetry • But tells a story • More free-flowing rules o doesn’t have a rhyme scheme or set number of lines, etc. • Iambic Pentameter Iambic Pentameter • Lines have a rhythm to them • 10 syllables • Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables He JESTS at SCARS that NEV er FELT a WOUND But SOFT! what LIGHT through YON der WIN dow BREAKS? SOLILOQUY AND ASIDE • Soliloquy - Long speech given by a character while alone on stage to reveal his or her private thoughts or intentions • Aside - Character’s quiet remark to the audience or another character that no one else on stage is supposed to hear FOIL Foil: a character that contrasts with another character, usually the protagonist and, in so doing, highlights various facets (sides) of the main character's personality. • A foil has some important characteristics in common with the other character. • The author may use the foil to throw the character of the protagonist into sharper relief. (To see the character’s personality more clearly.) • The term refers to the practice of putting polished foil underneath a gemstone to make it shine more brightly. SONNET • The term "sonnet" derives from the French word "sonet" and the Italian word "sonetto," both meaning "little song." • By the 13 Century, it had come to signify a poem of fourteen lines that follows a strict rhyme scheme and specific structure. • The writers of sonnets are sometimes referred to as sonnetters, although the term is sometimes used derisively. • One of the most well known sonnet writers is Shakespeare, who wrote 154 sonnets. COUPLET • A couplet is a pair of lines of verse. It consists of two lines that usually rhyme and have the same meter.