Who is William Shakespeare? The Globe Theater www.oppidanlibrary.com/shakespeare.htm www.unplowedground.com/.../travels/travels.html Who is William Shakespeare? • Born in 1564 to John and Mary Arden Shakespeare • 1582: Married to Anne • 1583: Birth of Daughter Susanna • 1585: Birth of twins: Judith and Hamnet • 1587-1592: Established in London as actor/playwright; first work Comedy of Errors Who is William Shakespeare? • 1593: Begins writing sonnets (until 1597-ish) • 1594-1596: Some more famous plays Romeo and Juliet and Midsummer Night’s Dream • 1597-1608: Best known plays including the rest of the tragedies • 1599: The Globe Theatre built • 1609: Publication of the Sonnets • April 23, 1616: Shakespeare dies His Works • Poetry o o The Sonnets The Rape of Lucrece • Plays Tragedies: Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth Comedies: Much Ado About Nothing Histories: Richard III, Henry V The Time Period • Elizabethan Era • The Renaissance • Actors were men only o Men even played female roles! • Plays were one of the main source of entertainment Three Classifications of Shakespearean Drama: • COMEDY • HISTORY • TRAGEDY Romeo and Juliet is a… Tragedy TRAGIC HERO Qualities of a Tragic Hero: • Possesses high importance or rank • Exhibits extraordinary talents • Displays a tragic flaw—an error in judgment or defect in character—that leads to downfall • Faces downfall with courage and dignity BLANK VERSE • Written like poetry • But tells a story • More free-flowing rules o doesn’t have a rhyme scheme or set number of lines, etc. • Iambic Pentameter Iambic Pentameter • Lines have a rhythm to them • 10 syllables • Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables He JESTS at SCARS that NEV er FELT a WOUND But SOFT! what LIGHT through YON der WIN dow BREAKS? SOLILOQUY AND ASIDE • Soliloquy - Long speech given by a character while alone on stage to reveal his or her private thoughts or intentions • Aside - Character’s quiet remark to the audience or another character that no one else on stage is supposed to hear DRAMATIC IRONY • Irony—contrast between appearance and reality • Dramatic Irony—the audience or reader knows something the character(s) does not know Foil • A character with qualities that are in sharp contrast to another character, thus emphasizing the qualities of each • How is Mercutio a foil to Romeo? Journal Entry Write about a time when you've done something wrong and it's affected others around you. • What did you do? • How did it affect others? • What consequences did you face? • Did you resolve it?