Romeo and Juliet Forbidden Love and Family Loyalty Who is William Shakespeare? The Globe Theater www.oppidanlibrary.com/shakespeare.htm www.unplowedground.com/.../travels/travels.html Who is William Shakespeare? • Born in 1564 to John and Mary Arden Shakespeare • 1582: Married to Anne • 1583: Birth of Daughter Susanna • 1585: Birth of twins: Judith and Hamnet • 1587-1592: Established in London as actor/playwright; first work Comedy of Errors Who is William Shakespeare? • 1593: Begins writing sonnets (until 1597-ish) • 1594-1596: Some more famous plays Romeo and Juliet and Midsummer Night’s Dream • 1597-1608: Best known plays including the rest of the tragedies • 1599: The Globe Theatre built • 1609: Publication of the Sonnets • April 23, 1616: Shakespeare dies His Works • Poetry o o The Sonnets The Rape of Lucrece • Plays Tragedies: Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth Comedies: Much Ado About Nothing Histories: Richard III, Henry V The Time Period • Elizabethan Era • The Renaissance • Actors were men only o Men even played female roles! • Plays were one of the main source of entertainment Three Classifications of Shakespearean Drama: • COMEDY • HISTORY • TRAGEDY Romeo and Juliet is a… Tragedy TRAGIC HERO Qualities of a Tragic Hero: • Possesses high importance or rank • Exhibits extraordinary talents • Displays a tragic flaw—an error in judgment or defect in character—that leads to downfall • Faces downfall with courage and dignity Act I Vocabulary Words • adversary –opponent; enemy • boisterous – noisily jolly or rowdy • nuptial – having to do with marriage or a marriage ceremony • augmenting – adding to • warrant – swear • begot - born Shakespearian Words Act I • dog – a man of low standing in society, no one wants anything to do with him • maidenhead - virginity • bite my thumb – the ultimate insult (like giving someone the finger) • shrift - confession • coz - nephew BLANK VERSE • Written like poetry • But tells a story • More free-flowing rules o doesn’t have a rhyme scheme or set number of lines, etc. • Iambic Pentameter Iambic Pentameter • Lines have a rhythm to them • 10 syllables • Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables He JESTS at SCARS that NEV er FELT a WOUND But SOFT! what LIGHT through YON der WIN dow BREAKS? SOLILOQUY AND ASIDE • Soliloquy - Long speech given by a character while alone on stage to reveal his or her private thoughts or intentions • Aside - Character’s quiet remark to the audience or another character that no one else on stage is supposed to hear DRAMATIC IRONY • Irony—contrast between appearance and reality • Dramatic Irony—the audience or reader knows something the character(s) does not know Act II Vocabulary 1. cunning - skillful, sly, clever 2. vile - repulsive, wicked, disgusting 3. predominant - having superior strength, influence, or authority 4. unwieldy - hard to manage because of size or weight 5. bounty - generosity, something given generously 6. substantial - existing, real, not imaginary 7. imagery - word pictures, words that paint a picture Conflict • External o Man o Man o Man vs. Man Example: vs. Nature Example: vs. Society Example: • Internal o Man vs. himself Example: Figurative Language • Simile – comparison using “like” or “as” o Her face is like a summer’s day… • Metaphor – comparison by saying one thing is another; finding similarities in two seemingly unalike things o “I am the East, and Juliet is the West…” Figurative Language • Pun – play on words o "Vandals destroyed many road signs. They really pulled out all the stops." • Alliteration - group of words that begin with the same letter or sound o desire doth in his deathbed lie Foreshadowing • A hint about what is to come in literature or what the outcome of the conflict will be Foil • A character with qualities that are in sharp contrast to another character, thus emphasizing the qualities of each • How is Mercutio a foil to Romeo? Do Now Assume that you write an advice column for a newspaper or magazine. A modern day Romeo (or Juliet) writes to you asking for advice. He or she explains what happened at the party and also mentions the family feud. 1.Write what his or her letter says. 2.Write your response Journal Entry Write about a time when you've done something wrong and it's affected others around you. • What did you do? • How did it affect others? • What consequences did you face? • Did you resolve it?