The Franks Social Studies 8 Who were the Franks? Clovis and the Franks King Clovis I, the first King to unite all Frankish peoples in 509 AD Who were the Franks??? - Germanic People - Lived mostly what is today France - Also known as Salian Franks & Created Salic Laws - Known mainly for two kings: Clovis I and Charlemagne Clovis Converts to Christianity • The King showed vast zeal for his new faith. He built a splendid church at Paris, called St. Genevieve, where later he and Clothilde were buried. Faith and religion and zeal for justice were pursued by him all the days of his life. Certain Franks still held to paganism, and found a leader in Prince Ragnachairus but he was presently delivered up in fetters to Clovis who put him to death. Thus all the Frankish people were converted and baptized by the merits of St. Remi.... » From The Chronicle of St. Denis, I.18-19, 23: Dictionary Definition of the Franks • Dictionary Definition: A member of one of the Germanic tribes of the Rhine region in the early Christian era, especially one of the Salian Franks who conquered Gaul about a.d. 500 and established an extensive empire that reached its greatest power in the ninth century. The Franks • The Franks were a Germanic speaking tribe that occupied Northern France (Gaul) during the Early Middle Ages • The Franks grew in power under leaders such as Clovis I and Charlemagne, they even established their own European Empire Frankish Religion • Like most Germanic tribes, the Franks Started off as Pagan god worshippers • As Christianity grew, Clovis I saw advantages in Christianity as it was being spread, and therefore converted • His Wife Clotilda impacted his decision as well • From then on, the Franks were Roman Catholic and Charlemagne fought and expanded to defend and spread Catholicism Charlemagne was very close with the papacy during his reign Charlemagne, Or “Charles the Great” - Date of Birth: Disputed- 742/747/748 to 814 - Reigned from 800 to 814 - Coronated by Pope Leo III in 800. The Pope gave power and title of “Emperor of the Romans” Frank Culture Spreads • Because of their strong leaders such as Clovis I and Charlemagne the Franks were able to gain new territory • They also converted more people to their religion: • Catholicism Frank Weapons Salic Law • As the Franks gained new areas and followers, these newcomers to the Frankish Empire were subject to the law of the Franks, which was Salic Law Salic Law • They were developed from Roman Pagan laws • The laws dealt with everything from inheritance to death sentencing • Over time, the laws were adapted and changed What are some laws we have in place today in Canada? Creating Laws Activity - Read the following Salic Laws that are being handed out and keep in mind that this is an authentic primary source - What comes to mind when reading this? What can be changed? What should be kept? - What consequences might these laws have on the different Frankish people during this time?