Sponge Activity Compromise You have two minutes to write everything you know, or any notions you have of the word “compromise”. What is Compromise? Definitions of Compromise 1) A beautiful way to solve the issues and problems peacefully through straight forward conversation. The Urban Dictionary. 2) Settlement of differences by arbitration or by consent reached by mutual concessions. Merriam Webster Dictionary 3) To compromise is to make a deal where someone gives up part of, or all of its demand. Wikipedia Peace, Order, and Good Government….. Eh? Canada has a Parliamentary Government. Question Period http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qTvv_M6 LL1s&feature=related Question Time Part II http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5jUBLTq ZoI&feature=related What do you think? Is this anyway to run a country? Where is the “peace, order OR good government?” Compare Let’s recall how the United States does it. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rkzetto7xGA Are we more “civilized”? Do we actually accomplish much with our “civility”? How do you disagree with a friend or family member? What works? How do you hash out your differences? Canada’s System Of Government Westminister Style of Responsible Government How does it work? The head of Canada’s executive branch is the king or queen of the United Kingdom, entrusted with powers over the legislative and judicial branches. Historically, this position is honorary rather than enforced, though should they decide, the monarch could assert considerable power over Canada. As they are geographically quite far apart, the monarch appoints a Canadian governor-general to oversee the executive powers. Although the executive branch typically bows to the will of parliament and the constitution, it does so by tradition rather than law. The governor-general appoints the prime minister, who is the head of the federal Canadian government. The prime minister is almost always chosen from whichever party holds a majority in the house of commons, however if no party holds a majority, they are usually appointed from the party with the most members. Though the prime minister cannot be removed from office, the House of Commons can pass an act of no confidence in the government, which will generally result in the resignation of the prime minister and his cabinet. The legislative branch of the Canadian government is bicameral, meaning it has two houses of legislative power. The appointed house is called the Senate, and members are selected by the governor-general with the advice of the prime minister. The elected section of legislative government is called the House of Commons, and is chosen by democratic election procedures every five years. Though in theory both branches are roughly equal in power, the House of Commons generally wields the most power in the Canadian Government and introduces considerably more bills to Parliament. Canada’s federal judicial system oversees all criminal law, as well as maintaining a Supreme Court appointed by the governor-general. Civil law is monitored using the principles of British common law, except in Quebec, where a French code is followed. The Supreme Court consists of nine judges, and is used as a “last resort” court system, when a case cannot be adequately completed by lower courts. The constitution of the Canadian government was created in 1867 as an Act of the British parliament. In 1982, the constitution was amended to give Canada political independence from Great Britain, although the monarch still retains executive powers. Additionally, the 1982 amendment contained an outline of political rights and freedoms for citizens, similar to the ten-part Bill of Rights that begins the American constitution. Group Work Using prior knowledge from your reading last night on “Canada Northern Neighbor” Government pg. 41-51 and using “How Canadians Govern Themselves” Parliamentary Government pg 3-6 as reference tools design a graph outlining how Canada’s Parliamentary System works. You will create your own diagram, and then move into your pair share group to discuss. Exit Ticket On an index card analyze how a Prime Minister is selected to be the Canadian Head of Government. Rubric 4 4 correct points 3 3 correct points 2 3 points, but not all correct 1 1 or 2 correct points Homework Go online and find an example of Question Time or a Canadian Parliamentary issue. Load it on your thumb drives or email to me for presentation to the class tomorrow!