Biology Quiz through 4.8 Differentiate between a biofuel and a fossil

Quiz through 4.8
1. Differentiate between a biofuel and a fossil fuel by explaining how each one is produced.
2. In biofuels, fossil fuels, and food fuels, energy from the ______________ serves as the
source of energy stored in the chemical bonds of the fuel.
3. Two steps are required to harness the energy of the sun and bring it to you. Indicate
those steps along with a generalized description of each:
4. In terms of energy, work is defined as:
5. How do kinetic energy and potential energy differ?
6. Only about ______ percent of energy released by the sun is captured by living organisms,
specifically plants. What happens to the remainder of solar energy?
7. The first law of thermodynamics states:
8. The second law of thermodynamics states:
9. Adenosine triphosphate is composed of three component molecules:
10. Plants are well known photosynthesizers but other organisms are also capable of
performing photosynthesis. Give a specific example of one.
11. Explain what happens in the photo part of photosynthesis.
12. Explain what happens in the synthesis part of photosynthesis.
13. The organelle responsible for photosynthesis is the ________________.
14. The fluid located in the chloroplasts is called the ________________.
15. The membrane-enclosed network of discs floating in the fluid are called ____________.
16. In which part of the chloroplast would chlorophyll be found.
17. An energy packet is referred to as a ________________.
18. If an object is reflecting the blue wavelength of light, what color will it appear?
19. Endosymbiotic theory is supported is supported by several lines of evidence. These
20. List the two major groups of prokaryotes: