Objectives and Agenda-1/31 OBJECTIVES— Review classroom procedures Review and list Perspectives AGENDA Warm Up—using the three perspectives, explain the existence of terrorism Review of rules Review of perspectives Components of Culture— Block 1 and 2—computer work Block 4—worksheets Homework—study for test Who is Mr. George? My Favorite music and video: song Pictures: Movies: I cry every time I watch this scene Movie scene Concerts I have seen: AC/DC, ZZ Top, Bob Seager, KISS, What do you want to know??????? What is Sociology??? Sociology—social science that studies society and social behavior—Social interaction and social phenomena (observable facts or events) What would you do? anti-bullyingl Class work: 1. Research in the book the Sociologist you were assigned. 2. On the paper you were given, write a word or phrase that describes their point of view. 1. Free write anything that comes to your mind on the below picture. minutes 2. Describe any possible changes in society as a result.—2 minutes 3. Describe the change in events using ONE sociologist 3 Original Sociologists Auguste Comte—(1798-1857) One of first and coined term Sociologist—Causes of French Revolution—Social order vs. social change— Social dynamics—change through series of definite processes.—mostly refuted but order and change still discussed. Herbert Spencer-- 1820-1903—Influenced by Darwin— biological view of society—independent parts that work together to maintain the system.—social change and unrest natural in evolution—best parts of society would survive. (Social Darwinism) Karl Marx—(1818-1883)—Social structure influenced by economy. Bourgeoisie (capitalist) and proletariat (workers)— imbalance would lead to conflict and classless society. Emile Durkheim—(1858-1917)—first university sociology course—first to apply sociology to study of society— concerned with social order. Individual parts BUT parts had functions. Functions—consequence that an element of society produces for the maintenance of its social system. (religion and functionalist view)—institutions.—observable phenomenon—suicide—first sociological study Max Weber—1864-1920—separate groups in society instead of society as a whole. Effects of society on the whole— Feelings and thoughts, not just observable. Verstehen— understand meanings, not actions. Ideal Type—essential characteristics of a feature of society. 911 video Anthropology—study of past and present cultures— simple cultures—sociology is complicated cultures (group behavior) Psychology—behavior and thinking of organisms— individual behavior (natural sciences)—social psychology—how environment affects behavior Social sciences Economics—choices people make in effort to satisfy needs and wants Political science—organization and operation of governments History—study of past events Economics—choices people make in effort to satisfy needs and wants Political science—organization and operation of governments Introduction to perspectives Sociological perspective—look into the hidden meanings behind human actions social beings understand conflict view your own life in whole social and historical context Sociological imagination—C.Wright Mills—ability to see connection between the larger world and your personal life Three types of Perspectives Functionalist Perspective—set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system. view in terms of function in society—Ex—family and education Dysfunctional—negative consequence crime, Manifest function—intended consequence of function Latent function—unintended consequence. Conflict perspective—focus on the forces that promote competition and change—power men and women—ages—races—competition over scarce resources—power leads to rules leads to social change— social change inevitable. Interactionalist perspective—how individuals interact with one another—how do people respond to everyday situations—meaning people attach to their actions. Symbols, gestures, words—salute Which Perspective? Which Perspective? Which Perspective 1.05 Differentiate among the various sociological research methods 1. The Historical Method—Examining any materials from the past that contain information of sociological interest. Toys, clothes, pictures, tools, furniture. Usually written documents Learn about events Study trends Private feelings 2. Content Analysis—counting the times a word, phrase, idea, event, symbol or other element appears Recorded communications Television, radio, sound recordings, movies, photographs, art, newspapers, magazines, books Easy and inexpensive Simplified evaluation of data collection. 3. The Survey Method----collect data on attitudes and opinions from large numbers of people— questionnaires and interviews List of questions—in person or mail Collect from large number of people in short time Disadvantages—interpretations? 4. Observation—observe behavior of individuals in actual social settings Detached observation—observe situation from distance—may miss details Participant observation—directly involved in the situation under investigation—anonymous or known— subjects usually act naturally. Daily quiz questions 1. The Sociologist which believed in a biological analysis of society and the “survival of the fittest” theory was A. Karl Marx B. Auguste Comte C. Emile Durkheim D. Herbert Spencer E. Max Weber Daily Quiz 2. The study of human society and social behavior is A. Sociology B. Psychology C. History D. Political Science E. Anthropology 3. Choose one Sociologists and discuss how he believed societies maintain control and develop.