Chapter 3: CELL PROCESSES and ENERGY Learning Target Vocabulary Word Definition Lesson 1 I can describe what happens during photosynthesis. Stage 1 – Capturing the sun’s energy – chlorophyll in plant cells captures energy from sunlight. photosynthesis Light energry + 6 CO2 + 6 H2O = C6H12O6 + 6 O2 I can explain how living things get energy from the sun. Facts or Examples Stage 2 - Using energy to make food. – The captured light energy is used to produce O2 and sugars (glucose) Plants, algae autotroph Animals, fungi heterotroph chlorophyll Found in the chloroplasts of plant cells. Symbol/Picture Lesson 2 I can describe the events that occur during cellular respiration. Cellular respiration C6H12O6 + 6 O2 = 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP energy I can tell what happens during fermentation. Fermentation Stage 1 – occurs in cytoplasm, glucose is broken down, releases small amount of energy Stage 2 – occurs in mitochondria with oxygen, producing CO2 & large amounts of energy. Fermentation gives off lactic acic (in muscles) and carbon dioxide (by yeast) to create beer, wine, bread. Learning Targets for Chapter 3 Lesson 1 I can explain how living things get energy from the sun . . . Nearly all ____________ things obtain energy either _____________ or ______________ from the energy of _____________ that is captured during the process of ________________________. I can describe what happens during photosynthesis . . . During photosynthesis, ______________ and some other organisms absorb ___________ from the sun and use the energy to convert _____________ ______________ and _______________ into ______________ and ______________. Lesson 2 I can describe the events that occur during cellular respiration. . . During cellular respiration, cells break down _____________ and other molecules from __________ in the presence of __________________, releasing _________________. This happens in the _____________________ of the cell and happens in both _________________ and ______________________. I can tell what happens during fermentation. . . During fermentation, cells realease ______________ from food without using _________________. This can release _____________________ gas or produce ___________ _________ in muscles.