Drama: The Diary of Anne Frank By Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett Background Plot Origin 1933 1939 1940 1942 1944 1945 True story about a German Jewish family hiding from the Nazis in the attic of a house in Amsterdam, Holland. Recording of Anne Frank’s thoughts through a diary given to her on her 13th birthday. Now adapted as a play. The Franks fled Germany to Holland to escape Nazi persecution. Nazi’s wanted pure German race – no Jews, no blacks, no handicapped people. All families must be racially pure. Mental illness seen as burden – 130,000 secretly killed. Half of Germany’s half a million Jews had left. Holland invaded by Germans. Royal family flee to England. Unemployed Dutch forced to work in Germany. All Jews must wear the Star of David. I.D.s issued. Unemployed Jews called to work. Many went to labour camps. July: Margot Frank called up. Frank’s move into hiding, followed by the Van Danns and then Mr Dussell. Allied soldiers land in France, liberation near. Aug 4: German police raid secret annex – all sent to concentration camps. Only Mr Frank survives. Six million Jews killed by Nazis (their aim was eleven million.) Mr Frank returned to Amsterdam. Publishes diary under name of Het Achterhuis (The Annex) Act 1 Close Reading 1. At what point in Act 1 does the time change from present to the past? Give the technical name for this. 2. Explain why the Franks decided not to carry suitcases with them. What do they do instead? 3. Write down two comments which are made which suggest that the Franks are respectable people who are inclined to obey the law. 4. What did the Franks hope their friends would make of their disappearance? What did they do to ensure this? 5. What did the Franks hope the Green Police would make of their disappearance? What did they do to ensure this? 6. Write down two things which tell us Anne hasn’t grasped the reality. 7. What does Mr Frank say to Anne in order to cheer her up? What do these words tell us about Mr Frank’s perception of Anne? Is his perception accurate in your opinion? 8. What three things make living in the annex difficult. 9. At the end of Act 1, sc. 2 we can already form an idea of Anne’s personality. Write down three things we can say about her. In each case give a reason evidence from the text so far. 10. Find the piece of evidence in the first three scenes which suggests that some Jews wore the Star of David willingly. Explain why this would be. 11. What two main problems does the arrival of Dussel give the Frank and the Van Daans? How do they solve these problems? In which way is he useful? 12. What is Anne’s solution? What is wrong with this and why does her mother not explain it to her? 13.Explain how tour answers to Question 12 connect with the last speech Anne makes. Act 2 Close Reading 1. We already know, because of a previous incident, that Mr Van Daan is a very selfish person. Explain what that incident is. What happens at the start of Act 2 to reinforce this idea? 2. The Franks and the Van Daans are seriously affected by the German occupation because they are Jews. Write down a quote from Act 2 which suggests life for other Dutch people is going on in a more normal fashion. 3. In the episode concerning the fur coat, we can see the real reason for Mr Van Daan’s desire to sell it. What is this reason? What does he say to cover this up? 4. Anne says “We weren’t around when all this started: So don’t try to take it out on us!” What accusation is Anne making here? Is it fair? Theme of Conflict – Chart (see attachment) Throughout the play there are a number of conflicts arising. These can be illustrated in a chart. Naturally, Anne is involved in many of these conflicts, not only because she is the most important person in the play, but also because she has a complicated relationship with most of the other characters. Complete the chart showing all the characters she has come into conflict with. This can then be used as notes for your critical evaluation. Critical Essay Plan Task: Using the play of “The Diary of Anne Frank” show how the families reacted under the pressure of hiding in a confined area for two years. In this essay you should concentrate on setting as well as character. Introduction Include title, authors and an idea about what the plot is. Remember you are writing about the play version. Include task. Paragraph 2 Setting Set in Holland during WWII, in Annex. Explain why characters have to hide out. Describe the attic and its rules Paragraph 3 Analysis of Frank family How did they react to confinement? You must include detailed analysis of the following: Paragraph 4 Mr Frank’s patience and fairness Mrs Frank’s frustration with Anne Margot’s calmness Anne’s liveliness and ability to annoy people Analysis of Van Daan family How did they react? You must include detailed analysis of the following: Mr Van Daan’s selfishness Mrs Van Daan’s need for society Peter’s shyness Paragraph 5 Specific analysis of Anne How does she manage to maintain her good humour and vitality despite the pressure she is under? (The last two scenes will help) Also include detailed analysis of the following: Anne’s diary Her friendship with Peter Her positivity Conclusion End the essay with a summary of what you have shown and comment about how you felt about the play. Did it make you think more deeply about the Jewish question? Did you feel sympathy with any of the characters? W2 Folio Writing 1) Hannukah Imagine you have been in hiding and, like Anne, decide to give the other’s Hannukah gifts. Choose two of the eight characters and decide which gifts you would give. Write your choice in the form of a story following the plan below (if you wish) 1. Decide which gift you would give. 2. Decide how you are going to make or obtain the gift 3. Explain why you would give this particular gift to this person. Remember you are on Rations bur Miep could also help you. 2) Write a short story in which the idea of imprisonment is important. This can be imprisonment by oneself or by others. It may be physical imprisonment or some kind of psychological or emotional imprisonment. 3) Write a story in which a group of people are in a difficult or dangerous situation. Show how friction or irritation develops. Does each person react in the same way? Do they remain as a group or does the group fragment? 4) Write a story entitled “BRANDED.” This can involve a character being singled out or treated in some prejudiced way. 5) Write a story in which the innocence of a major character is important to the way the story unfolds.