Module 5 Study Guide Test Date: _____________ 1. Explain the basis for chemical bonding. 2. Contrast an ionic bond and a covalent bond. 3. Draw an ionic bond and a covalent bond. 4. How does the loss of an electron affect the neutral atom? How does the gain of an electron affect the neutral atom? 5. Use Lewis Electron Dot Structure to show the bonding electrons in atoms. 6. Identify the different properties of ionic and covalent. 7. Identify the elements in a chemical formula. a. CO2 b. NaCl 8. Calculate the number of atoms of each element in a chemical formula. a. C6H12O6 b. NH3 9. Recognize the chemical formulas for water, carbon dioxide, and oxygen gas. 10. Describe the structure of a water molecule. 11. Compare and contrast a polar covalent bond with a nonpolar covalent bond. 12. Identify the special properties of water. a. Surface Tension b. Dissolving c. Melting, Freezing, Evaporating 13. Explain how the bonds within a water molecule affect the properties of water. 14. Explain how the bonds between water molecules affect the properties of water. 15. Compare the properties of acids and bases and their properties. 16. Relate the pH of a solution to its hydronium and hydroxide ion concentration and its acidity and basicity. 17. Describe how to increase or decrease the pH of a solution.