Jazz Age and The Great Gatsby By


Jazz Age and The Great Gatsby

By: Janice Ribet

Jazz Age

By: Janice

Group of women / photo by Harry M. Rhoads.

Source: Library of Congress – American Memory

Why did they call it the Jazz Age?

Image Source: Microsoft Office Clipart

Louis Armstrong was one of the most famous musicians of the Jazz Age.

Portrait of Louis Armstrong, Aquarium New York: 1946

Source: Library of Congress – American Memory

Prohibition was a key component of the Jazz Age.

Prohibition Bust

Source: Library of Congress – American Memory

The 18 th

Amendment states: “After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.”

Click on this icon to hear - Save a little dram for me / Skidmore--

Walker (Library of Congress item)

*Stand in a line on the left if you are for prohibition of alcohol, or stand in a line on the right if you are against such a law. Then get in a circle and prepare a five minute debate to defend your belief.

Rogers, Duke. “Save a little dram for me” 1922 http://memory.loc.gov/cgibin/query/r?ammem/papr:@field([email protected](edrs+50976l))

Sound Track Source: Library of Congress – American Memory

In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby , the main character, Jay Gatz was a self-made man from the sales of bootlegged whiskey. Write a response to the question:

What happened to the American Dream?

Cugat, Francis. “Great Gatsby Book Jacket Design” Facts AboutFitzgerald. F. Scott Fitzgerald Centenary. http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/facts/6gifs/famous-jacket.gif

In the grand ballroom of Fitzgerald’s home, guests would dance all night to big band tunes like “The Charleston.” This was how the characters in The Great Gatsby entertained themselves.

They would drink and dance the night away.

“Fitzgerald’s House” Built in America - Historic American Buildings Survey/ Historic American Engineering Record 1933 – Present

Source: Library of Congress – American Memory

The main characters of the novel Jay Gatz and

Daisy Buchannan were based on F.Scott Fitzgerald and his wife in real life, Zelda.

F. Scott Fitzgerald

Source: Library of Congress – American Memory

Daisy the main character from The Great Gatsby, exemplified the traits of a flapper woman from the “roaring twenties”

Jazz Age.

Cover illustration, Life magazine, February 18, 1926, showing a well dressed old man dancing with a flapper

Source: Library of Congress – American Memory

Women’s fashions and hairstyles were daring and revealing during the Jazz Age. Women began to express themselves. This was the early stages of the feminist movement.

Images Source: Microsoft Office Clipart

Fitzgerald was known for his accurate description of the Jazz

Age. His works reflect the key events of his own life.

Portrait of F. Scott Fitzgerald

Source: Library of Congress – American Memory

About F. Scott Fitzgerald

Born in 1896 in St. Paul, Minnesota

Named for ancestor Frances Scott Key

Daydreamer and poor student

Wrote plays and short stories in his teens

Went to Princeton University in 1913

Wrote for the Nassau Literary Magazine

Entered World War One in 1917

Wrote The Romantic Egotist in military camp

While stationed in Camp Sheridan in Alabama he fell in love with Zelda Sayre from Montgomery, Alabama

He courted her , but she turned down his marriage proposal because of his lack of money

Rewrote the novel and renamed it This Side of Paradise

and it was published in 1920

Zelda married him after the novel was published

They lived the life of glitz and glamour in New York and


Later they moved to St. Paul where their daughter Scottie was born

In 1925 Fitzgerald wrote The Great Gatsby (a nearly flawless novel according to critics)

In 1930 Zelda suffered a mental breakdown

Tender is the Night was published in 1934

In 1940 he died while writing The Last Tycoon

The Great


* Pick a quote from The

Great Gatsby and answer the questions on the handout .

“’Whenever you like criticizing any one,…just remember that all the people in this world haven’t had the advantages that you’ve had.”’’

“Somebody told me they thought he killed a man once.”’

“Oh my, Ga-od! Oh my Ga-od! Oh Ga-od!…”’

The Jazz Age was the time of the big band sound, prohibition, the flapper, and the new genre of modernist writing.

Images Source: Microsoft Office Clipart