The Great Gatsby Test Review I. Characters: identify the following- list as many details as possible. A. Jay Gatsby B. Tom Buchanan C. Dan Cody D. Nick Carraway E. George Wilson F. Jordan Baker G. Daisy Buchanan H. Myrtle Wilson I. Klipspringer J. Meyer Wolfsheim K. The Owl-Eyed Man L. Michaelis II. Symbols: Be able to explain the literal and symbolic meaning—what does it signify or suggest in relation to a character or theme? The Green Light Eyes of T. J. Eckleburg East Egg West Egg Valley of Ashes Gatsby’s shirts Human Molars Gatsby’s boyhood schedule Nick’s clock Gatsby’s dream Gold/Yellow Green White Owl Eyes (books and wreck) Autumn- end of summer Heat Rain III. Themes a. Old money vs. new money c. The American Dream b. West vs. East values D. Recklessness E. Friendship IV. 20s and Fitzgerald’s life: Go over movie questions from Fitzgerald documentary. 1920s--- Period of time after World War _____ - started in the _____ spread to _______________. In Europe, the time after the war was marked by a deep recession. Unlike with WW2, after WWI the U.S. did little to try and rebuild Europe. It took an ____________ stance. However, by the middle of the decade, economic development started to soar in Europe –dubbed ____________________________. The spirit of the Roaring Twenties was marked by a feeling associated with a break with tradition. The idea of _______________ spread rapidly. _____________--- break w/ tradition Everything seemed to be feasible through modern _____________. Economic boom--- lots of ______________ surge in technology Ex: cars, trains, ________________, telephones, mass communication For the first time there was such a thing as mass communication and it brought the idea of modernity to the American public. _______________ enabled mass marketing for the first time—its economic importance led to the mass culture that continues to dominate society. The 20s have also been dubbed _____________________. The economic boom of the 20s set the stage for the _______________________ that would dominate the 30s. During the 20s mass production developed which allowed for cheaper prices of technology products. This made the automobile affordable, as well as movies and radios. By 1927, Henry Ford had sold 15 million _____________________. 20s--- “The Jazz Age”--- radios began broadcasting ______________ music, which became extremely popular and was associated with all things modern, sophisticated, and decadent. _________________: one of the most notable jazz musicians of the time. Known for improvisations and endless variations on a single melody. Other notable jazz musicians: Ella Fitzgerald and Duke Ellington. ______________: as the role of women began to change and more women entered the work force, there was a style move towards ________________. Corsets went out of style, the bob became the preferred hair style, and some women even taped their breasts to make them look flatter. This style was dubbed ______________ –and was marked by women who wore short dresses with a straight, loose silhouette. ___________ Amendment--- enacted ____________ through the Volstead Act- the manufacture, sale, import, and export of alcohol in the U.S. was prohibited. This amendment gave rise to organized crime---mob as illegal smuggling became big business for criminal organizations. ________________: became popular and numerous as the Prohibition years progressed, and lead to the rise of gangsters such as ______________________. Place to get alcohol Speak the password to get in Corruption- speakeasy operators would bribe police; tipped off operators ________________: young people who came out of WWI very cynical and disillusioned; the term usually refers to American ___________ _____________ that lived in Paris at the time; examples, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Gertrude Stein. Oct. 29, 1929: Stock Market crashed which contributed to the start of the Great Depression--called ________________________. _________ Amendment--- repealed the 18th Amendment---up to the states to legalized alcohol; Feb. 20 1933 _____________________: originally about discovery individualism, and the pursuit of happiness. Implies successful and satisfying life, financial security and material comforts. Many authors criticized and satirized the hypocrisy and greed they observed in America’s empty pursuit of wealth and luxury. Thus, the idea that the American dream had become corrupt by the empty pursuit of wealth is a theme that runs through many novels from this time period. V. Plot: Be sure to review ALL class notes and study questions. A. review important quotes that I’ve highlighted during our note sessions.