Stress Content Objectives Differentiate between good stress and bad stress. Describe the effects of stress on the body systems. Identify effective ways to manage stress. Language Objectives Copy and discuss key concepts and vocabulary off of smart board. Create a concept map regarding the general adaptation syndrome. Complete When I get stressed out it is because….. 4 the following sentence. You may have more than one reason. minutes The reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands. Stressor: anything that causes stress. Does everyone respond the same way to every stressor?? Perception: The act of becoming aware through the senses. Eustress: Positive stress. Under which health and performance continue to improve, even as stress increases. Examples: Distress: Negative stress. Unpleasant or harmful stress under which health and performance begins to deteriorate. Examples: General Adaptation Syndrome A three-stage response by the bodies nervous and endocrine system to deal with stress. Controlled Nervous System by two main body systems: Coordinates all activities in your body. Endocrine System Body system that secretes hormones and regulates growth and development. Stage Body recognizes the stressor. Adrenaline (Emergency Hormone) is released to help respond to stress. Stage 2: Resistance Stage Body uses adrenaline to either adapt and “FIGHT” or resist the stress. Body uses the adrenaline to “FLEE” from the stress. Stage 1: Alarm Stage 3: Exhaustion/Fatigue Stage When exposure to stress is prolonged the adrenaline is used, and the body becomes unable to respond to the stress and becomes fatigued. Read the section on page 201 titled “ Fatigue” and answer the following question. What are the three types of fatigue? Give one example of each type of fatigue. Physical Fatigue: results when muscles have been worked for a very long time. They become sore and painful, and the ability for them to function becomes impaired. Psychological can result from constant worry, being overworked, depression, boredom, isolation, or feeling overwhelmed by too many responsibilities. Pathological Fatigue: Fatigue: tiredness brought on by overworking the bodies defense mechanism against fighting disease. Drugs, alcohol, poor nutrition, anemia, obesity can cause pathological fatigue. Physical Health Psychosomatic Response A physical reaction that results from stress rather than an injury or illness. Examples: Headache Asthma High Blood Pressure Weakened Immune System Mental/Emotional and Social Health Difficulty Concentrating Mood Swings Risks of Substance Abuse Stress associated with long-term problems that are out of a person’s control. The effects of this type of stress are less intense, but can last longer. What are some strategies for dealing with chronic stress? Engage in Physical Activity Look for support Find a hobby that helps you relax Avoid the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. o The act of becoming aware through the senses is known as _______________. ____________ is known as the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands. _________ is anything that causes stress. __________________ response is a physical reaction that results from stress rather than an injury or illness.