Biology Semester I Final Review Sheet

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Biology Semester I Final Review Sheet
2013-2014
*4 unifying themes of biology: choose one and give an example of study we've done so far
*metabolic processes (photosynthesis, cellular respiration, glycolysis, fermentation): explain
why organisms need these processes
*explain photosynthesis: include organelle in which it takes place, the energy conversion that
takes place
*explain cellular respiration: include organelle in which it takes place, the energy conversion that
takes place
*3 important functions of the cell membrane
*3 principles of cell theory: choose one to relate to current studies
*cell transport: compare active and passive transport methods and why both are necessary
*explain why water's unique properties are important to cellular functioning
*4 biomolecules: list and give one important feature
*type of energy used by cells and the molecule that carries it
*cell cycle-- phases and what occurs at each
*why most cells are in interphase and not mitotic phases
*4 comparisons of mitosis and meiosis
*explain why apoptosis is important to cell regulation
*explain what happens if cells grow out of control
*explain the benefits of stem cells; which ones are considered controversial and why
*explain why meiosis has two rounds of cell division
*explain 2 avenues to genetic diversity
*Explain one of Mendel's contributions to the foundational knowledge we have of genetics and
how traits are inherited
*explain the difference between genotype and phenotype