Cell Transport Test Study Guide

Cell Transport Study Guide
Why does diffusion occur? Kinetic energy causes molecules to constantly move and collide with each
What is the movement from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration? Diffusion
Give the type of particle transport that requires input of energy from the cell. Active Transport
What happens to cells placed in a hypertonic solution? They shrink due to losing water by osmosis
Which parts will be near water because they are hydrophilic? Part labeled A:Polar heads of the
Which parts will repel water because they are hydrophobic? Part E: Non Polar Tails of phospholipids
When the concentrations across a cell membrane are the same… Does Osmosis occur? No. Because the
cell is at equilibrium in a state of homeostasis
Are cholesterol and phospholipids hydrophobic or hydrophilic? Hydrophobic. Both are repelled by water.
What is osmosis? The diffusion of water
10. What happens to a cell that is placed in a hypotonic solution? It swells up
11. What structure serves as the cell’s boundary from its environment
and regulates which materials enter and leave the cell? Cell Membrane
12 Large molecules such as hormones are released or expelled from a cell during? Exocytosis
13. What happens if too much water diffuses into a cell? It may burst
14. What is an example of passive transport? Diffusion
15. What is passive transport? Cell transport that requires no energy from the cell
16. What is the movement of molecules down a concentration gradient across the cell membrane? Diffusion
What is the difference in the concentration of dissolved particles from one location to another is called?
Concentration Gradient