Name ______________________________ period____________ Cell Processes Power Point SLIDE 1 1. Cell Processes—how cells obtain _____________________ and get rid of ___________________. SLIDE 2 2. Diffusion is the movement of particles from an area of _____________ concentration to an area of ____________________ concentration. E_____________________is not needed for diffusion. 3. ______________________ is the special name for the diffusion of _________________________. It has a different name because the diffusion of water is so _____________________________. Cells ________ _________ need energy for osmosis. SLIDE 3 4. Passive transport is the diffusion of ________________ __________________through the membrane. Particles move from ________________ to _______________ concentration. The cell does not need _________________ for passive transport. 5. _____________________ transport is the movement of particles against the flow of ____________________________. Particles are moved from an area of LOW concentration to an area of ___________________ concentration. ________________________ is required for this process to occur. SLIDE 4 6. In moving large particles, endocytosis is where the cell __________________ surrounds a particle and forms a ______________________ around it and brings it ______________ the cell. The prefix endo means ________________. 7. In exocytosis, vesicles form at the _________ or _______________ ____________________ and carry the particle to the cell membrane to be released. The prefix _______________ means ‘out of’. SLIDE 5 8. Photosynthesis is the process where plants capture ____________________ energy and convert it to ______________________(food). During photosynthesis, energy is _______________________ in food. Photosynthesis begins with ___________________ and __________________ ____________________ and the end products are ____________ and oxygen. Photosynthesis occurs only in cells with _________________________________. 9. In cellular respiration, __________________________ is released from food ____________________. Energy is ________________________ from food. Cellular respiration begins with ____________________ and oxygen and ends with _____________________ and carbon dioxide. Cellular respiration occurs in all cells. SLIDE 6 10. Fermentation is the process of ___________________ being broken down by enzymes without using _______________________. One type of fermentation is when you feel _______________________ in your muscles due to the production of lactic acid. Another type of fermentation occurs in some bacteria and yeast. SLIDE 7 11. ___________________ fission is the process of ____________________________ reproduction in which one cell ____________________ to form two identical cells. Most _________________________ reproduce in this way. SLIDE 8 12. Mitosis is the complicated process of ___________________ separation. Each new cell gets a copy of _______________ ___________________________. 13. ________________________ is cell division that produces new ___________ _______________ with ________________ the number of chromosomes. Sex cells are __________________________. SLIDE10 14. The prefix ‘hyper’ means ___________________________. Hypertonic refers to when there is more solute (salt)_______________________ of the cell. The cell will then __________________________ because the water in the cell will flow _________________. SLIDE 11 15. The prefix ‘_____________’ means ‘under’. Hypotonic means that there is less _______________ on the ________________________ of the cell. The water will flow _____________________ the cell, and the cell will __________________________. SLIDE 12 16. An __________________________ solution is balanced. There is the same solute on the outside of the cell as the ____________________________. They neither gain nor lose ___________________ through osmosis.