APA Citation

EDN 203
APA Basics:
Citations & Beyond
The “Elements” of a Citation
► Authors
(4.08; 224)
► Publication date (4.09; 224)
► Title of article or item (4.10; 226)
► Publication source/information (4.11; 227)
► Retrieval & use of electronic resources
(4.15; 231)
Author Element
► Print
or Electronic Sources
► Purdue’s OWL
 http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560
► Randall
 http://library.uncw.edu/web/research/citation/a
► In-text
 http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560
Publication Date Element
► Basic
Rules : Time & availability make a difference
(Year, Month).
 When the source reflects:
 meetings; monthly magazines; newsletters; newspapers
(Year, Month day#).
 When the source reflects:
 Dailies; weeklies
(in press).
 Any resources accepted for publication but not yet available
 Any resources with not available date/s
Title Element
Pemberton, J. M., & Lounsbury, J. W. (2004). Mood
management across affective states. Journal of
Personality & Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.
► . . . Mood management across affective states:
Watson’s Hedonic Contingency Hypothesis. Journal
of Personality & Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.
► Pemberton, J. G., & Petty, R. E. (2005). Flexible
correction processes in social judgment: Do
Nelson’s theories of corrections for perceived bias
make a difference. Journal of Personality & Social
Psychology, 68, 36-51.
Publication Source Element
► Print
► Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C.
(Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical,
volume number(issue number), pages.
Journal of Comparative and Physiological
Psychology, 55, 893-896.
► … Educational Psychology Journal, 15(4), 513.
Publication Source Element
► Electronic
► Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C.
C. (Year). Title of article. Title of
Periodical, volume number(issue
number), pages.
► … AERJ, 85(2), 5-13.
► What’s added?
 Retrieval information: Date & Location
Electronic Resources
Owl Purdue Electronic Sources
► http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/1
UW-Madison Writing Center
► http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/DocAPARe
UNCW Writing Center (p.14-16)
► http://uncw.edu/stuaff/uls/documents/APAStyleGu
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
► Online
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of
publication). Title of article. Title of Online
Periodical, volume number(issue number if
available). Retrieved month day, year, (if
necessary) from
 … A List Apart: For People Who Make
Websites, 149. Retrieved May 2, 2006, from
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
► Article
From Online Database
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication).
Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number
(issue number). Retrieved month day, year, from
specificTITLE database.
 … Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8(3). Retrieved
February 20, 2003, from PsycARTICLES
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
► Newspaper
Article Online
Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article.
Title of Newspaper. Retrieved month day, year,
from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry
handbook linked to drug industry. The New York
Times. Retrieved May 7, 2008 from
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
► Internet
Articles based on (identical to) Print
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C.
(Year). Title of article [Electronic Version]. Title
of Periodical, volume number (issue number),
VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role
of reference elements in the selection of
resources by psychology undergraduates
[Electronic version]. Journal of Bibliographic
Research, 5(4), 7-23.
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
► Online
 If the interview is not available in an audio or
print form, cite the interview only in the text.
(Include month, day, and year in text as well)
 If the interview is available in audio/print do as
C. (Interviewer) & Stevenson, R.
(Interviewee). (1999). Oral History 2 [Interview
transcript]. Retrieved from Johnson Space
Center Oral Histories Project Web
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
► Multipage
Document Created by Private
Organization Name. (Date). Title of document. Retrieved
Month day, year, from
Greater New Milford (Ct) Area Healthy Community 2000,
Task Force on Teen and Adolescent Isues. (n.d.). Who
has time for a family meal? You do! Retrieved October
5, 2000, from http://www.familymealtime.org
► Note:
Use n.d. (no date) when a publication date is not
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
► Stand-alone
Author, A. A., Author B. B., Author C. C. (Date).
Title of document. Retrieved Month day, year,
from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url
GVU’s 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Retrieved
August 8, 2000, from
there is no identified author of the document,
begin with the title of the document.
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
► Report
From Private Organization, Available on
Organization Web Site
Organization name. (Year). Title of report/document.
Retrieved Month day, year, from
Canarie, Inc. (1997, September 27). Towards a Canadian
health IWAY: Vision, opportunities and future steps.
Retrieved November 8, 2000, from
Electronic/Non-Print Resources
► Wiki
pages (Note: APA Style Guide warns that
wikis (like Wikipedia, for example) are
collaborative projects and cannot guarantee
verifiability of entries.
Title of document/page. (Date). Retrieved Month day,
year, from the Name Of Wiki:
OLPC Peru/Arahuay. (n.d.). Retrieved May 1, 2008, from
the OLPC Wiki: http://wiki.laptop.
Electronic/Non-Print Sources
► Electronic
Copy of Abstract (from Online
► If
you cite an abstract but the full text of the article is also
available, cite the abstract as you would the article and add
[Abstract] to the end of the title. If the abstract is the only
thing available, write “Abstract retrieved from…” and provide
the Database name or URL
Paterson, P. (2008). How well do young offenders with
Asperger Syndrome cope in custody?: Two prison case
studies [Abstract]. British Journal of Learning
Disabilities, 36(1), 54-58. Retrieved from EBSCO Host
Bossong, G. (2009). Ergativity in Basque. Linguistics,
22(3), 341-392. Abstract retrieved from Linguistics
Abstracts Online.