Deanna Klosinski, PhD, MS, MT(ASCP)DLM Seminar 1 • Located under the DocSharing tab • Please read in its entirety – Pay special attention to: • Late Policy • How to Label your Work and Email EX: DKlosinski Unit 9 Project • Grading and Rubrics • Due Dates • Plagiarism Policy Thibodeau, G. & Patton, K. (2007). Structure & Function of the Body. Mosby – Read the preface to learn the textbook set-up – Use the CD that accompanies the textbook • Animation Direct – Narrated , Anatomical Concepts & Physiological Principles • Unit 1 Overview – Introduce yourself – Reading – Chapters 1 and 4 plus Activities: • • • • • Anatomy Andy Flashcards Games Xword Puzzles Video ALL GOOD PRACTICE FOR EXAMS Attendance @ Seminar • Flex Seminar: Invitations sent by Tuesday • Purpose: Give an overview of Unit Chapters • Grading: Review grading rubric in the Class Syllabus – Expectations • Be on time, stay the full hour • Active relevant participation • Questions/Responses during seminar Option 2 • Takes place of 1hr seminar • Review grading rubric in the Class Syllabus – Expectations • Well Written Response – See directions for Option 2 • Initial response required by Saturday • Recommend Posting early in the Week – Allows for others to respond – Assists in meeting participation requirements • Post at least 2 other responses to your classmates by Tuesday • Use References • Use Spell Checker and proper grammar Take the diagram quiz by Tuesday 11:59 PM ET • Units 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8 • Do as many times as you like • Earn the most points – 50 points for each – 300 points total for course All written materials use APA formatting – Where to find APA information… • apastyle.org • Kaplan Writing Center – Reference any information that does not come from your own ideas or thoughts…. Project – Unit 9 lists specific directions – Submit in Microsoft Power Point – APA applies for citations and reference listings • Announcements – Please check frequently – For my Sections: My Contact information • Questions thus far? • Let’s get started – Unit 1 • Chapter 1 – Structure Level and Organization – Anatomical Positions – Body Cavities & Regions – Plane & Body Structures – Homeostasis – Feedback Loops • Chapter 4 – Eleven Organ Systems of the Body • The study of the structure of the parts of the body: – ANATOMY • The study of the function of the parts: – PHYSIOLOGY • Disruption of physiology can lead to disease • Study of diseases of body: – PATHOLOGY • There is an order to the body arrangement – It is the way the body is organized – This is called the hierarchy of the body – The smallest level is the chemical level: Atom cell organ system tissue organ organism (body) • These are landmarks for giving directions • Universal terms used by Health Care Professionals • This is the way we communicate about areas regarding the human body: (i.e.) – Body position • Anatomical, Supine, Prone – Body direction • Superior & Inferior, Anterior & Posterior, Medial & Lateral, Proximal & Distal, Superficial & Deep – Body Planes (Sections) • Sagittal, Midsagittal, Frontal, Transverse – Body Cavities • Ventral & Dorsal, Thoracic, Abdominopelvic • Any references made to structures from now on assume Anatomical Position • It is the – the patient’s right and left (not yours) • ASSUME ALL DIRECTIONS START HERE • Supine – lying face upward • Prone – lying face downward Superior “above” along the vertical axis of the body in anatomical position like someone who is “superior” Cephalad or Cranial towards the head Inferior “below” along the vertical axis of the body in anatomical position like someone who feels less than or “inferior” Caudal towards the tail Anterior Towards the front of the body Also called – Ventral “venter” = Latin for belly Anterior and Ventral mean towards the belly or front of the body Posterior Towards the back of the body Also called - Dorsal “dorsum” = Latin for back Posterior and Dorsal mean towards the back of the body • Not really above, not really towards the front…….. • Medial – Toward the midline of the body • Lateral – Toward the side of the body, away from midline Example The heart is ___ to the lungs and the lungs are ________ to the heart. • There are special terms used especially for the limbs • Proximal – toward or closest the point of attachment or trunk – “close proximity” • Distal – away from the point of attachment or trunk – “distance” The elbow is The fingernail is to the wrist to the knuckle The hip is The fingers are to the knee. to the shoulder. Are you awake? I’m watching you do these exercises! • The next terms are used to describe the position of structures relative to the body surface • Superficial – towards the surface of the body – more external • Deep – away from the surface of the body – more internal • 3 common planes frequently used to: – describe dissections – to look inside an organ or the body as a whole • Frontal Plane – “coronal plane” – This is a vertical plane – Divides the body into anterior/posterior parts • Transverse Plane – “Cross-Sectional” or “Axial” – horizontal plane runs parallel to ground – diving body into cranial/caudal parts • • • Sagittal – Divides body into right and left sides – Runs from front to back Frontal or Coronal Plane – Anterior/Posterior halves – Runs for side to side Traverse Plane is cross sectional - Runs parallel to ground - Divides body into upper and lower halves • “Cavity” - any hollow place or space in the human body • Major cavities are used to divide body into regions and describe the organs found within • Viscera – fancy term used to describe the organs within a cavity • Visualize the body in anatomical position • Locate the dorsal & ventral regions • Dorsal Cavity – towards the back – subdivided into 2 cavities • Cranial cavity - houses the cranium and brain • Spinal cavity - houses the spinal cord and vertebral column • Ventral Cavity – towards the front of the body – Subdivided into 2 cavities • Thoracic Cavity – superior ventral cavity – everything from the diaphragm to the neck – has right and left side which houses the lungs – contains an area with tissues and organs between the lungs called the mediastinum • Inferior ventral cavity: • Abdominopelvic Cavity – everything from the diaphragm to the groin area – Subdivides into: • Abdominal cavity – superior abdominopelvic cavity – contains digestive organs (except sigmoid colon) • Pelvic cavity – inferior abdominopelvic cavity – contains reproductive organs, urinary bladder, sigmoid colon, rectum • Abdominal Cavity is divided into 9 regions – Rt hypochondriac – Epigastric – Lt hypochondriac – Rt lumbar – Umbilical – Lt lumbar – Rt iliac – Hypogastric – Lt iliac • Four roughly equal sections • Named according to relative position **Remember Anatomical Right & Left** • All the systems work together to promote balance • Homeostasis • The ability for the body to maintain an internal environment for proper function • The body functions best at homeostasis • When the body moves away from homeostasis, you move toward disease • Loss of homeostasis at any level of the hierarchy can affect the rest of the body • Ultimate loss of homeostasis = Death • There is a negative feedback loop and a positive feedback loop • The most common is _________________ • Think about the thermostat in your house. – Cold air comes in the house, temp falls, and the thermostat tells the furnace to turn on. Furnace produces heat and warms the house. Bringing it back to normal. – Your body works the same way • Positive feedback loops – Increases a rate of events to occur until something stops the process • A system was discussed in Chapter 1 • There are 11 major organ systems – – – – – – – – – – – Integumentary Skeletal Muscular Nervous Endocrine Cardiovascular Lymphatic Respiratory Digestive Urinary Reproductive When you choose a topic for your project, you will choose a system that we cover in this course. Be sure to review the syllabus content outline, which lists the systems that we cover. They are: Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, and Endocrine systems Your To Do List: • Complete the readings and online materials • Complete the discussion/participation requirements • Complete the seminar requirements • Take Diagram Quizzes (lots of times OK for most points) • Study for Exams – MidTerm and Final • Plan your final Project • When you send an email : – Remember to add your name, section number and subject to email subject line • Ex: dklosinski section#00 Project Questions?