Engineering A Team Sport

Engineering a Team Sport
Evan Lemley, UCO Engr. and Phys.
ENGR 1112 Introduction to
University of Central Oklahoma
• What is Engineering?
• What is an Engineering Team?
• Who should be an Engineer and Why?
• Engineering Disciplines.
• How to become an Engineer.
What is Engineering?
Compare and Contrast
• Engineering
– Learn Math and Physics
– Apply math and physics
to build new devices
– Design of applications
that solve a given
problem is the emphasis
• Physics
– Learn Math and Physics
– Apply math and physics
to understand workings
of universe
– Design of experiments
that help understand
workings of universe is
the emphasis
What is Engineering?
• Def.: Use of technology to solve problems
– Industrial – apply science and math to solve
manufacturing problems
– Consulting – apply science and math to design
things from scratch or assess existing designs
– Research and Development – apply newer
science and math to create new products and
– Academic Research – Apply science and math to
previously unsolved problems (short term
significance may not quite exist)
• Help discover new science
What is an Engineering
• Many problems are solved by teams
– Scientists – Generalists, Design, Is there any thing
we forgot?
– Engineers – Design and Analyze
– Technicians – Build, Test, and Debug
• Engineering and other work is moving more
this direction.
• Engineering degree programs are more
focused this direction… labs and design
Cold Fusion – Univ. of Utah
Early 1990’s
• What: “Table-Top” fusion… really big deal
• Who: Drs. Pons and Fleishman
• Who else: Team from of Los Alamos
• Why: Is it real
• How: Neutron and other detectors
• What happened: NO NEUTRONS OR
• What kind of Engineers?
Columbia Disaster - 2003
• Large Team of Scientists, Engineers, and
• Government – NASA, Industry –Contractors,
Independent Board (CAIB)
• CAIB – Columbia Accident Investigation
Board (
• Cause: Foam insulation hits Leading Edge? –
Southwest Research Institute
Air Gun
Foam Impact
Is Engineering For You?
• Do you like to take things apart and put them
back together? (understanding how things
• Do you like solving difficult problems?
• Are you interested in Science and Math?
• Do you like working with other technical
Why Become an Engineer? ASEE
Job Satisfaction
Variety of Career Opportunities
Challenging Work
Intellectual Development
Potential to Benefit Society
Financial Security
Professional Environment
Technological and Scientific Discovery
Creative Thinking
Why Become an Engineer? Lemley
• Fame -probably not
• Money -a few rich engineers
• Security – pretty secure
• Good at it and like it
• Idealistic – contribute in a positive way
to use of technology
Science and Math
Physics – cornerstone of technology
Materials – microscopic details of how materials fit
together and how they respond to outside forces
Math – Engineering is applied mathematics
– Algebra, Trig, Calculus, Differential Equations,
Linear Algebra
• Computers – running software, spreadsheets, wordprocessing, writing programs, CAD, ProE, specific
engineering software
Aeronautical Engineering
• Aerodynamics, Fluid Mechanics
• Design and build aircraft, spacecraft,
land vehicles
• Big companies with large-scale projects
Agricultural Engineering
• Hydrology, Soil Mechanics, Biology
• Produce food on a large scale
Engineering Disciplines
Biomedical Engineering
• Modern engineering methods to solve
problems in medicine and human
• Health and medical-related industries
• High growth rate
Chemical Engineering
• Chemistry to design and manufacture
production systems where chemical
reactions are involved
• Chemistry, fluid mechanics, heat
• Petroleum, chemical, plastics,
electronics (small – large scale)
Civil Engineering
• Design and construction of roads,
bridges, and other large structures
• Wastewater, water supply, erosion,
environmental engineering
• Government, large construction, and
consulting firms
Computer Engineering
• Hardware, software, and digital
• Formerly part of electrical engineering
• Small – Large Scale Employment
Electrical Engineering
• Use and control of electromagnetic
• Microelectronics to power distribution,
data communication, fiber optics, power
systems, microprocessor design
Engineering Physics
• Engineering + Physics = EP
• Good Engineering Problem Solvers that know
the background physics very well
• Job Options
– Engineer, physicist, software engineer, Graduate
School (physics or engineering)
• Curriculum = Standard Physics + Basic
Engineering Science Courses
Industrial Engineering
• Design of devices and systems for
mass production and manufacturing
• Heavy-duty statistics
• Industrial Manufacturing employment
Mechanical Engineering
• Designing and building physical
• Mechanical Design -- Machines
• Fluid/Thermal Design
– Industrial Processes
• Very wide employability
Mechatronics Engineering
• Mechanical engineering plus electronics
plus computers
• Solve problems that a mechanical or
electrical engineer could not solve alone
Naval Engineering
• Design of ships, subs, and other seagoing vessels
• Oil platforms
• Government and private sector
Nuclear Engineering
• Design of systems that involve nuclear
• Reactor engineer, radiation protection
• Strong ties to mechanical and to
• Engineering Physics majors are good
nuclear engineers
Other Engineering
• Petroleum Engineering
– Production of oil and gas from resources
• Systems Engineering
– Design, implementation, and control of large-scale
systems (computer, utilities, governments)
– Data processing, power generation, transmission,
communications, aerospace
How to Become an Engineer
Bachelor’s Degree Required
Engineering vs. Engr. Tech.
Engineering Core 1.5 years
Math and Physics – 1 year
Engineering Physics – more physics
Some projects need a “licensed” engineer
– Esp. when public use and safety are involved
– Approve Design
– Some Legal Responsibility
How to Become an Engineer
• Licensed Engineers are P.E.s
– Professional Engineers
– Process to be Licensed
• Fundamentals of Engineering Exam (FE)
– Senior year, General and Specific Sections
• Engineering Intern Period (at least four years of
engineering practice)
• Prof. Engr. Exam (in chosen area)
– Not necessary for many engineers
– Helpful to be eligible for PE (pass the FE Exam)