Advanced Biology Final Exam 2nd Semester THIS SHEET DOES

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Advanced Biology Final Exam 2nd Semester
THIS SHEET DOES NOT HOLD ALL THE ANSWERS TO THE FINAL. YOU NEED
TO STUDY LOTS OF DIFFERENT THINGS IN ADDITION TO THIS SHEET.
SOMETHINGS ON THIS SHEET YOU WILL SEE, SOME YOU WILL NOT AND
OTHERS THAT AREN’T ON THIS SHEET YOU WILL SEE. IF YOU STICK TO THE
FOLLOWING GUIDELINES, YOU’LL BE JUST FINE.
Things to think about when preparing for the final:
-Study all your old tests: some questions may reappear on the final
-Study any old quizzes
-Study any old study guides
-Read through your notes
-Read through any old assignments
-Ask questions prior to examination
-Read through chapter summaries, they provide very useful information
-The page numbers listed behind each chapter represent the page numbers that
complete that chapter not the actual page numbers you learned. They are
just there to let you know where to look.
You should be familiar with the following:
Ch. 1 (pg. 1-21)
Anatomy, Physiology (definition and examples)
Levels of Structural Organization
Homeostatic Control Mechanisms- Positive and Negative Feedback loops
Anatomical Position and Directional Terms
Regional Terms
Body Planes and Sections
Body Cavities and Membranes
Abdominopelvic Regions and Quadrants
Ch. 4 (108-138)
- The different types of tissues (simple cubiodal, stratified squamous, etc.) : know location,
function, description - especially pictures like the lab you did
-Know characterisitcs of epithelial membranes (serous, cutaneous, mucous)
- Know characteristics of the three muscle types (cardiac, skeletal, smooth)
-Be familiar with the different types of connective tissue (loose connective, dense, adipose, etc.)
-Be aware of the picture on pg 120
Ch. 5 (142-160)
Layers of skin and characteristics of each
Different types of epidermal cells and characteristics of each
Structure of hair and nails
Types of skin cancer
Ch. 6-8 (164-245)
Know the components of bone (spongy, compact, etc.)
Know different categories of bone (long, short, etc.)
Distinguish between types of fractures
Given a diagram, identify bones and their proper names
Understand and distinguish between types of movements and types of joints
Ch. 9-10 (260-358)
Identify different muscles given a diagram
Describe the components of muscle
Identify different muscle functions
Ch. 11-14 (363-515)
The four acts of the Nervous System:
(11)Functional components
(12)Brain - parts and functions
(13)Sensors - types
(14)PNS and ANS - how each one operates
Ch. 18-19; 23 (627-686) (798-843)
Describe and Identify the Composition of Blood
Know the Different blood types
Understand blood flow through the heart (chambers involved and their characterisitcs)
Know what each part of the ECG means
Know the main players of the Respiratory System
Understand the process of Inspiration and Expiration (the components involved)
Ch 21-22 (745-794)
Understand how the lymph system operates
Name some of the lymphoid organs
Describe the two systems of defense for the body
Understand the role of nonspecific cells in the immune response
Describe the humoral and cell mediated response in the immune system
Ch. 24 (848-902)
Components of Digestive system (alimentary canal and accessory organs)
Describe the process of digestion
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