SENTECES AND CLAUSES

advertisement
SENTENCES AND CLAUSES
• Simple sentence
• Compound sentence
• Complex sentence
SIMPLE SENTENCE
A simple sentence is one that contains a
finite verb (and only one finite verb).
It does on of the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Makes a statement (Mr. Brown teaches this class.)
Asks a question (Do you understand me?)
Gives a command (Open the door.)
Makes an exclamation (How cold it is!)
COMPOUND SENTENCE
• Two or more sentences may be joined by
a conjunction or conjunctions. Each of the
sentences can stand independently.
Example:
Bring your book here and open it on
page 4; but don’t begin reading yet.
COMPLEX SENTENCE
• A complex sentence consists of a principal
clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
Principal
Subordinate
That is the house
which I want.
Type of
clause
Adjective
The man said
that he was tired.
Noun
The thief ran away when he saw the police. Adverb
ADVERB CLAUSES
1. Manner (how): as, as if, as though
2. Place (where): where, wherever
3. Time (when): when, while, after, before, until,
since, as, as soon as
4. Reason (why): because, since, as, now that
5. Purpose: so that, in order that, to + inf
6. Concession: though, although, even though
7. Comparison: so (as) …. as, than
8. Condition: if, unless, whether, as long as, that
9. Result: so that