Notes 8 Chapter 6 Beginnings • Judaism is both an ancient and modern religion. • Unlike other civilizations of the time, the Israelites were monotheistic. The practice of monotheism made Judaism unique among ancient religions. Hebrew Bible • Tanakh- Hebrew Bible • A record of their beliefs and history. • Judaism played an important role in the development of Christianity and Islam. Abraham • Father of faith. • Abraham and his family migrated from Mesopotamia and settles in Canaan. • Canaan- promise land and today the countries of Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan. • Ancient ancestor of the Israelites. • God made a promise that he would inherit the promise land. Isaac and Jacob • Issac- son of Abraham. Father of Jacob. • Jacob- changes his name to Israel which mean “one who struggles with God”. • Jacobs 12 sons became the leaders of tribes. They were the sncestors of the Twelve tribes of Israel. Moses • Freed the Hebrews from pharaoh. • The departure of the Israelites out of slavery is known as Exodus. • Passover- a holy festival celebrated in remembrance of their freedom from slavery. • Wrote the 10 commandments. The Land of Canaan • Joshua guided the Israelites into Canaan. • People living in Canaan were the Canaanites and the Philistines. • They were polytheistic believers. Philistines • Migrated from near present-day Greece. • They were skilled in making iron weapons. • Had the strongest army in Canaan. • They kept their own language and religion but accepted many ideas and practices from their neighbors in Canaan. Military Conquest • Joshua led them in series of battles to conquer Canaan. • Joshua and the Israelites marched around the walls of Jericho for 6 days and on the seventh day the walls collapsed. The Tabernacle • Housed a sacred object called the Ark of the Covenant. • The ark, a gold – covered wooden chest, held tablets, or stone slabs. • The Israelites believed the ark was a sign of Gods presence. King Saul • Samuel anointed Saul as king. • First king of Israel. • Israelites won many battles against the Philistines. • Became very famous. • Disobeyed some of God’s commandments. King David • Defeated Goliath. • A fine musician and poet. • Saul tried to kill David. • Wrote the Book of Psalms. • Established Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. • Know as the greatest king. Solomon • Son of David. • Brought a long time of peace and prosperity to the people of Israel. • Built the first temple. • Wrote proverbs. The Fall of Israel The Assyrians and the Chaldeans built powerful empires. When the kingdom of Israel refused to pay tribute, the Assyrians invaded Israel in 722 B.C.