Test Review - Human Body Systems

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Human Body Systems Test Review
Identify and state the function / important structures with their functions for each system. You will have to be able to
describe how these systems work and interact with one another on the test. Use extra paper if necessary for these…
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8. ___________________________________________________________________________________________
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9. ___________________________________________________________________________________________
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Circulatory System
10. What causes a pulse? __________________________________________________________________
11. What do red blood cells do? ____________________________________________________________
12. What do white blood cells do? __________________________________________________________
13. How many compressions per minute are recommended when giving CPR? _______________________
Digestive System
14. Carbohydrates are broken down into three categories. What are those three discusses in class?
____________________________________________________________________________________
15. There are two types of digestion that take place in our bodies. Define/give example for both.
a) Chemical Breakdown: ____________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
b) Physical Breakdown: _____________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
16. Be familiar with the process of digestion as was discussed in the “Lenny’s Burger” notes in your journal.
17. Give the name and function of the acid found in your stomach. ________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
Muscular System
18. Identify the 3 types of muscle tissue and where you would find each.
a) ____________________________________________________________________________________
b) ____________________________________________________________________________________
c) ____________________________________________________________________________________
19. Explain the difference between voluntary and involuntary muscles. _____________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Respiratory System
20. What happens when you breathe in? _____________________________________________________
21. Label the parts of the lung correctly.
a) _______________________________
b) _______________________________
c) _______________________________
d) _______________________________
Nervous System
22. Label the parts of a neuron correctly.
a) _______________________________
b) _______________________________
c) _______________________________
d) _______________________________
Endocrine System
Define the following terms…
23. Hormones:__________________________________________________________________________
24. Homeostasis: ________________________________________________________________________
25. Adrenaline: __________________________________________________________________________
26. Glands are small organs located throughout your body that secrete (release) substances called:
a) Plasma
b) Hormones
c) Bile
27. Diabetes is a disorder that is related to the pancreas not making enough what? ___________________
Excretory System
28. Main job of your kidneys? _____________________________________________________________
29. What other body parts assist with the excretion process? How? ________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
Integumentary System
30. There are two main layers of skin discussed in class. The outermost layer is called the
___________________ and the thicker layer below it is known as the _____________________ .
31. The skin protects the body in many ways. Give examples of how.
a) _________________________________________________________________________________
b) ________________________________________________________________________________
Work (Work = Force x Distance)
Identify the unit of measurement for each of the following
32. Work: ___________________________
33. Force: ___________________________
34. Distance: _________________________
35. Calculate the amount of work done when moving a 550N crate a distance of 20 meters.
36. How much work is done by a person who uses a force of 10N to move a grocery buggy 35m?
37. If it took a bulldozer 600 joules of work to push a mound of dirt 30 meters, how much force did the
bulldozer have to apply?
38. If Coach Boyd pushed the football sled as hard as he could with a force of 3,000N but it did not move at
all how much work was done?