Study Guide Questions 1. What are the 4 types of protists? How do they move around? How do they eat? 2. Cells a) Difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells? b) Where do all cells come from? c) Be able to tell me what different organelles in the cell do. What is their job? d) Who discovered cells? e) What 2 things did Louis Pasteur invent? 3. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration a) Be able to answer the questions: What do plants need? What do humans/animals need? b) Know how to use the answers for question (a) to write the formulas for photosynthesis and cellular respiration c) Where do these two processes take place in the cell? 4. How to materials move in and out of a cell? a) Be able to explain the difference between osmosis and diffusion. b) What is the difference between active transport and passive transport? 5. Viruses and Bacteria a) How does a virus replicate? What does it need? b) How does a bacterium replicate? (think of the video) c) Why do we not consider a virus a living thing? d) What helpful things can bacteria do? What harmful things can bacteria do? 6. Mitosis vs. Meiosis a) What are the steps of mitosis? What happens in each step? b) How many cells are made after mitosis? c) How many cells are made after meiosis? d) What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis? e) Why do we need mitosis to happen in our bodies? f) What is cancer? How does it relate to mitosis? 7. Infectious Diseases a) How are diseases spread to different people? b) How do we usually treat bacterial infections? c) What can we do to prevent disease? (think of cowpox and smallpox) d) What is a vector? Be able to name an example. e) What is a pathogen? f) What is antibiotic resistance? Why is it important to take all of your antibiotics when they are prescribed to you? Why would antibiotic-resistant bacteria be such a terrible thing?