SUBJUNCTIVE (I SUGGEST YOU DO) 1- Study this example: Mary said to Pete: “Why don’t you buy some new clothes?” Mary suggested (that) Pete buy some new clothes The subjunctive is always the same as the base form (I buy, he buy, she buy, etc. ) I/he/she/it Do/buy/be, etc.. We/ you/ they 2- You can use the subjunctive after these verbs: suggest propose recommend insist demand • I suggest (that) you take a vacation. • They insisted (that) we have dinner with them. • I insisted (that) he have dinner with me. • He demanded (that) she apologize to him. • The doctor recommended (that) I rest for a few days. You can use the subjunctive for the present. past, or future: • I insist (that) you come with us. • They insisted (that) I go with them. Note the subjunctive be (usually passive): • I insisted (that) something be done about the problem. • The chairperson proposed (that) the plans be changed. 3- Other structures are possible after Insist and Suggest: A- They insisted on my having dinner with them Many verbs have the structure verb (V) + preposition (P) + object. For example talk about We talked about the problem (the problem is the object) If the object is another verb, it ends in –ing We talked about going to Japan (V+P+-ing) Here are some more verbs that have the structure V+P+-ing Succeed in has Tom succeeded in finding a job yet? Feel like* I don’t feel like going out tonight Think about/of Are you thinking of/about buying a house? Dream of I’ve always dreamed of being rich Approve/disapprove of She doesn’t approve of smoking Look forward to I’m looking forward to meeting her Insist on She insisted on buying me a cup of coffee Decide against We decided against moving to California Apologize for He apoligized for keeping me waiting I feel like doing = I’d like to do, I’m in the mood to do We say “ apologize to someone for something” He apologized to me for keeping me waiting (not he apologized me) With some of these verbs you can also use the structure verb+ preposition + someone + -ing We are all looking forward to Peter ( or Peter’s) coming home She doesn’t approve of her son (or son’s) staying out late at night They insisted on me (or my) staying with them B- It was a beautiful evening. So I suggested going for a walk. If these verbs are followed by another verb the structure is usually verb + ing Stop enjoy dislike admit Finish mind imagine Delay suggest regret Give up go on put off consider deny avoid keep on miss involve practice postpone risk You cannot use the infinitive after suggest: • She suggested that he buy some new clothes. (not suggested him to buy) • What do you suggest I do? (not suggest me to do) 4- Should is sometimes used instead of the subjunctive. • She suggested that he should buy some new clothes. • The doctor recommended that I should rest for a few days.