European Influences on the Constitution Ancient Greece - Direct democracy – people participate directly in decision making - Laws made by the citizens - Local town governments is an example Ancient Rome - Republic - System of Government in which people elect representatives to govern them. - Codified laws – laws that are written. -Terminology – Senate, Senators English Law - Established a court system -Magna Carta- took away King’s power - The idea of a bill of rights - Creation of Parliament – An elected lawmaking body (Congress) Philosophers - John Locke- every person has natural rights. The people give the government the power to rule. - Baron de Montesquieu – Checks and balances and separation of powers. - Jacques Rousseau- people would give up some of their freedoms in favor of the needs of the majority.