Name: ___________________/Hour:____________________ I. Review Notes Geography of Europe/Renaissance/Reformation/Explorers Geography of Europe a. The ____________ ______________ is a strong ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico across the Atlantic Ocean to Europe. It carries __________ water and warm, moist air, which contribute to Europe’s __________ climate. b. The ______________Mountains divide Europe from the continent of Asia. c. Many _______________________ in Europe have contributed to _____________movement of people and trade for thousands of years. II. Europeans encounter new cultures a. ________________: expeditions made to recapture Holy Lands (Jerusalem) b. ______________________ (French word for rebirth) : 14-16th century III. Rebirth of Europe a. Artists, sculptors, architecture, _____________________ b. __________________-Bustling center of banking, trade, and manufacturing IV. Learning and the Arts Flourish a. _______________ gave money to support the arts. b. Leonardo de Vinci: ____________ and ________________________ c. ________________ - Astronomer. Proved the _____________ revolves around the ____________________. V. The Northern Renaissance a. __________________________________: writer of comedies and tragedies VI. The Reformation a. ________________________________still powerful b. Writers and scholars viewed church as too _________________ c. ____________________: movement to change church practices d. _____________________________: Spoke out against church’s wealthy officials and corruption. Disagreed with forgiving sins in exchange for money called ___________________________________. e. Many __________________ began to challenge church due to Luther’s writings and translation of Bible into ___________________________. f. King Henry VIII changed England’s official religion from ___________________________ to __________________________. VII. Conflict over Religious Beliefs a. ____________________: Protested against church b. New ideas spread, encouraged _______________________ of Bible c. Counter Reformation: ___________________ church made changes d. _____________________: spread Catholic ideas across Europe and Asia VIII. Age of Exploration a. Wanted to find a new trade route to ________________ (Spices) b. Found the _______________ ________________ (Christopher Columbus) c. _________________________ the entire world (Ferdinand Magellan d. Outcomes of Exploration i. Religious Conversion- Convert natives to ________________________ ii. _______________________-Small pox, measles & Malaria. Killed tens of thousands of people in the ___________________________. iii. Clash of Culture-Imperialism- The practice of one ________________ controlling the government and economy of another country or territory. iv. ___________________- Expanded slave trade. Conquered peoples were forced to work the land where they lived.