Texas Revolution & The Mexican War

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A. American Settlers Move to Texas
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1. Ruled by the
Spanish and led by a
priest, Mexicans
tried to revolt –
they failed
2. Although the revolt
failed, the rebellion
grew
3. In 1821 Mexico
became an
independent nation
Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
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4. The new Mexican
government hired
empresarios such
as Stephen Austin
5. In exchange for
free land, settlers
had to follow
Mexican rules
Stephen Austin
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The Rules:
You had to become a
Mexican Citizen & pay
taxes to Mexico City
You had to become
Catholic
You could not have
slaves
6.
7.
8.
Many Americans ignored
the rules
Mexico banned further
settlement
Santa Anna suspended
the constitution
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
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B. Texans Revolt Against Mexico
1. October 1835 the
Mexican Army tried
to remove a
cannon
2. Rebels won the
battle
3. March 1836
declared
independence from
Mexico
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Sam Houston
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4. One of the only
men with
military
experience, Sam
Houston was
picked to lead
the Texan army
C. Battle at the Alamo
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1.
2.
3.
1. Troops at the Alamo
were led by William Travis
2. Troops consisted of 183
volunteers
3. Their job was to delay
the Mexicans so Houston
could raise an army
William Travis
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4. After attacking for 12
days Santa Anna sent
in 1,800 men
5. All of the Texans were
killed except for
Susanna Dickinson, her
child, and a slave
6. Following a later battle
at Goliad, Santa Anna
executed 350 prisoners
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D. Battle of San Jacinto
1.
2.
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Santa Anna
was attacked
by Texans
near the San
Jacinto River
In 18 minutes
the Texans
killed half of
the Mexicans
3. Santa Anna was captured and forced to
sign a treaty
4. Texas was now independent
E. The Lone Star
Republic
1. Texas asked the United
States to annex them
a.
b.
The US did not want to disrupt the balan
between free and slave states
The US also did not want to anger Mexic
2. Andrew Jackson
recognizes Texas on his
last day as President
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